Use of roadside saliva tests for cannabis impairment remain in question

first_imgMichelle Gray says she’s afraid to get behind the wheel again after having her licence suspended for failing a cannabis saliva test in Nova Scotia, even though she passed a police administered sobriety test the same night.Gray has been using medical marijuana for almost eight years to treat multiple sclerosis and she plans to launch a constitutional challenge to the law and roadside test.“They should not be on the streets and used for testing cannabis impairment,” said Gray, who lives in Sackville. “I think the government legalized cannabis way too fast. I don’t think it was a well thought out plan.”Six months after legalization, her case illustrates some of the challenges with enforcement facing both police and cannabis users, and highlights the questions that continue to surround the use of technology in roadside tests.The Drager DrugTest 5000 remains the only technology approved by Ottawa to test a driver’s saliva for concentration of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis.Einat Velichover, who manages drug and alcohol detection in Canada for Drager, said the saliva test was never designed to test for impairment.“Our device is there to really just identify whether there’s a presence of THC. It’s not meant to measure impairment and we never claimed that it does,” she said.“So really it’s just one tool of many that law enforcement utilize in order to assess impairment and road safety.”Velichover said that while she appreciates the concerns that have arisen, law enforcement needs to balance cannabis users’ rights with the importance of keeping roads safe.Justice Department spokeswoman Angela Savard said the Canadian Society of Forensic Science tests and evaluates technology then recommends it to the attorney general for consideration.If a driver fails the roadside test, the result can be used in developing “reasonable grounds” to believe that a drug-impaired driving offence has occurred and also give the officer grounds to investigate further, she said.“It is important to note that investigating drug-impaired driving is not exclusively dependent on a drug screener,” she said in an email.As of Oct. 1, there were more than 13,000 law enforcement officers trained in standardized field sobriety testing and 833 officers trained as drug recognition experts across Canada, she said. Further training is underway.Savard said the department expects more technology to be recommended and approved in the future, but couldn’t comment on ongoing evaluations.Some police departments are declining to use the saliva test.“For the most part, in British Columbia, police departments have not deployed it. Several departments have a Drager 5000 that we can use and test but we’re all a little bit wary,” said Chief Const. Mike Serr of the Abbotsford Police Department.Serr said many departments are waiting to get a better sense of the test’s value and are concerned charges could be thrown out if it is challenged in court.“We’re concerned on how that potentially could play out,” said Serr, who is also the co-chair of the drug policy committee with the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police.“It doesn’t give us the quantitative analysis so it really doesn’t provide us much extra beyond what a drug recognition expert can provide us with. So at this point, the practical uses of the tool haven’t really been proven to us.”In the meantime, he said anecdotal reports from departments suggest the increased training seems to be resulting in a slight increase in drug-impaired driving charges since legalization. In Abbotsford, 30 per cent of frontline police officers are now trained in standardized field sobriety testing and all members of the traffic unit are drug recognition experts.“That’s something that wasn’t done pre-legalization,” he said.But as impaired driving continues to be a reality, others say they want to see saliva testing tools used more often.Eric Dumschat, legal director for Mothers Against Drunk Driving Canada, said the organization is hoping more technology gets approved and rolled out.“We had expected there would have been more devices approved by this point and hopefully in the longer run, the technology is able to be improved. In an ideal world, we would have the equivalent of the breathalyzer, but alcohol is a very simple molecule compared with THC,” he said.He said while testing bodily fluids is important to indicate recent use, the increase in sobriety and drug recognition training is better for identifying impairment and has been making roads safer.“In regards to enforcement, I think it’s going about as well as it can be,” he said.Amy Smart, The Canadian Presslast_img read more


first_imgAdvertisement Her Excellency the Right Honourable Julie Payette, Governor General of Canada, today announced the appointment of Opera Atelier founding Co-Artistic Directors Marshall Pynkoski and Jeannette Lajeunesse Zingg to the Order of Canada. This announcement comes on the heels of Opera Atelier’s most extensive international touring in the company’s 33-year history. This honour recognizes Pynkoski and Zingg’s outstanding impact on the performing arts in Canada and their longtime commitment to the mentorship of young artists through The School of Atelier Ballet.Pynkoski and Zingg founded Opera Atelier in 1985. The company – dedicated to historically informed productions of baroque and classical opera and ballet is an acknowledged Canadian jewel with an unrivaled international touring schedule. Most recently, Opera Atelier’s production of Charpentier’s Medée was chosen to a part of the official Canada 150 celebrations in France.“It seems fitting,” says Pynkoski, “that Jeannette and I received a phone call from the Governor General’s office while we were in the Louvre researching for an upcoming Opera Atelier production.” Advertisement Facebook Login/Register With:center_img Advertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Twitterlast_img read more

Manitoba Tragedy

first_imgBy Tiar Wilson, aptn National NewsThe smoke could be seen from far away.Even as people rushed to help the home was already engulfed in flames.Constable Tim Mason ran to help, “What do you think when you hear somebody say hey there’s babies inside, you know you have to get them out first instinct try get in.”The fire erupted Sunday afternoon as community members, including Joseph Wood, were leaving a nearby church.They scrambled to help.“Here in st. theresa everybody help one another no matter what”Inside the house are 15 month old Qualan Harper and 2 month old Errabella Harper.Just minutes before, their ten year old auntie Martha Harper was in the house when the fire started.“my little brother woke up first then i heard him crying, i went for my little brothers to get out first.”People threw snow inside the house desperately trying to control the flames.Cst. Mason jumped in the bedroom window looking for the children.“when you go like this right *using his hands like he’s bracing something* it was just sitting in front of me. that baby was crying.”Mason handed the baby to someone through the window.“then i thought i heard another baby cry you know, i was on my way back in *hand gesture pulling* when somebody yanked me out of the room out into the snow.”That’s when someone brought out a chainsaw.“it didnt really want to start. it was frozen”While one person tried to get it going, others chopped at the house with axes.When the chainsaw roared to life, rescuers cut a hole in the wall and felt around in the darkness for Errabella Harper.“there were two chairs lined up as a make shift bed, we kept pulling it but we didnt know the baby had already been dragged out it was the snow.”They rushed Errabella to the nursing station with a badly burned face.Joseph Wood says everyone was trying to save her. “we went over there the nursing station the nurses were all trying to bring her back alive”But the child was gone and another child is left fighting for her life.Fire officials say the the fire started in the chimney and likely the wood stove is the blame.The stove was the home’s only heat source and is a reality on many reserves across Canada.To make matters worse, the community’s fire truck was broken down at a nearby garage.The small home housed 8 people.Ashley Harper, the mother of the two infants is crushed by her loss.Report from Tiar Wilson twilson@aptn.calast_img read more

Rio Olympics 2016: Morocco’s Rababe Arafi Qualifies For 1500 m Final

Rio de Janeiro – Moroccan athlete Rababe Arafi secured on Sunday 1500m final spot at the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.Kenya’s Faith Chepng’etich won Heat One of the 1500m, where she ran an impressive 4:03.95.She was followed by Ethiopia’s Seyaum Dawit, who clocked 4:04.23 in second place while United States’ Rowbury Shannon came third in 4:04.46. Ethiopia’s Sado Besu (4:05.19) and Great Britain’s Laura Weightman (4:05.28) were the other qualifiers from the heat.Poland’s Ennaoui Sofia (4:05.29) and Arafi Rababe (4:05.60) qualified as the next two fastest.The 1500m final is scheduled for Tuesday.With MAP read more

Three abducted UN air service crew members released in Darfur

The men, who worked for the WFP-run UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS), appeared to be in good health, the agency said. They were abducted by armed men on 13 January at a landing strip in Um Shalaya, 60 kilometres southeast of the West Darfur capital of El Geneina. “WFP is grateful to the Government of Sudan for its tireless efforts in securing the release of the three men who were seized while they were working to help the most vulnerable people in Darfur,” said WFP Regional Director Amer Daoudi in Khartoum. WFP said it worked closely with the Government of Sudan at all levels for the safe release of the three men, and added that it did not pay a ransom to secure their release.Last December three Latvian men working as helicopter aircrew for UNHAS in Darfur were freed after more than a month in captivity. UNHAS flies aid workers from the UN and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as journalists and others, to some of the hardest-to-reach emergency operations around the world. It plays a vital role in accessing remote locations and in cases where insecurity prevents travel by road. 7 June 2011The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today confirmed the release of three Bulgarian crew members who were abducted in January while working for the agency’s air service in the strife-torn Darfur region of Sudan. read more

Regulator to ask Canadians whether Internet services are good enough cost too

OTTAWA — The country’s telecom regulator is opening public consultations on whether customers are getting the Internet services they need and want.The CRTC will ask people what telecommunications services they consider necessary, what they rely on most and whether the cost of those services should be the same everywhere.The commission also wants to know what upload and download speeds consumers think they need.Surviving without Internet: B.C. town offline since November living like it’s 1990Support for BCE’s efforts to overturn CRTC Internet access ruling gains momentumCanadians hungry for pick-and-pay savings in 2016 — but broadcasters are bracing for the worstThe consultations follow hearings that resulted last year in new rules for TV service providers.Participants will be asked to fill out a survey and send it to the regulator by the end of next month.Focus groups will also be questioned in small communities, where the CRTC says a large percentage of the population has no or only limited access to telecommunications services.Public hearings on broadband services will be held beginning in April. read more

House intel chief says Facebook working on election threats

WASHINGTON — The head of the House Intelligence Committee says he has been assured by the CEO of Facebook that company is working on ways to prevent foreign actors from disrupting next year’s elections.Rep. Adam Schiff of California met Friday with Mark Zuckerberg and said the Facebook CEO showed a deep awareness of the threat to the elections from so-called “deep fake” videos and other technically advanced tools.Schiff told reporters Facebook is “in the process of developing what I hope will be very strong policies on this.”It was Zuckerberg’s third day of private meetings in Washington, following other sessions with top lawmakers and President Donald Trump. Zuckerberg also met Friday with the leader of a House antitrust investigation into the big tech companies and pledged to co-operate.Marcy Gordon, The Associated Press read more

Tiny bird comes out on top in battle against bird of prey

A tiny bird claims victory over a hunting bird of prey which knocked itself out by flying into a window.The sparrowhawk was pursuing the Northern wheatear over an offshore wind farm site in the North Sea on Thursday.But the raptor crashed into a window and knocked itself out.Fresh from it’s lucky escape, the wheatear then landed for a moment on the hawk before flying away.Around 20 minutes later, the bird of prey recovered. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. read more

EHF CL TOP 16 Veszprem Vardar and Kielce to finish job

Three decisive matches of the VELUX EHF Champions League TOP 16 will be played on Saturday in Veszprem, Kielce and Skopje.Veszprem and Kielce have only to save the advantage from the first matches in Zaporozhye 29:24 and Meshkov 32:28, while the toughest job will have Vardar against Wisla after 30:30 in Plock.MVM Veszprem – Motor 17Vive Tauron Kielce – Meshkov Brest 16Vardar – Wisla Plock 18 hrs EHF CL TOP 16 ← Previous Story Gašper Marguč at Veszprem until 2020 Next Story → “CRAZY SERB” TO KIELCE: Darko Djukic signs until 2020! read more

Turkey authorises military operations in Syria

first_imgTURKEY’S PARLIAMENT AUTHORISED military operations against Syria on Thursday and its military fired on targets there for a second day after deadly shelling from Syria killed five civilians in a Turkish border town.For its part, Syria admitted it was responsible for the shelling that killed five people in Turkey and formally apologized for the deaths, a top Turkish official said.Deputy Prime Minister Besir Atalay said Syria has reassured the U.N. that “such an incident will not occur again.”The border violence has added a dangerous new dimension to Syria civil war, dragging Syria neighbors deeper into a conflict that activists say has already killed 30,000 people since an uprising against President Bashar Assad’s regime began in March 2011.Atalay said Parliament’s authorization was not declaration of war on Syria but gives Turkey the right to respond to any future attacks from Syria.“The bill is not for war,” Atalay said. “It has deterrent qualities.”Cross-border tensions escalated Wednesday after a shell fired from inside Syria landed on a home in the Turkish village of Akcakale, killing two women and three of their daughters and wounding at least 10 others, according to Turkish media.The bill Thursday opens the way for unilateral action by Turkey’s armed forces inside Syria without the involvement of Turkey’s Western or Arab allies. Turkey has used a similar provision to repeatedly attack suspected Kurdish rebel positions in northern Iraq.Still, Atalay said Turkey’s “main priority” was to “act together with the international community.”“That is why we called on NATO and the United Nations to take up the issue,” Atalay said.The NATO military alliance, of which Turkey is a member, met at an emergency session in Brussels and condemned the attack on Turkey. NATO demanded “the immediate cessation of such aggressive acts against an ally” and urged the Syrian regime to “put an end to flagrant violations of international law.”The Turkish response to the shelling was prompt — it fired salvos of artillery rounds deep inside Syria.Mustafa Guclu, a witness in Akcakale, said the Turkish military fired five rounds of artillery “after midnight” toward Syria and another round around 5 a.m. on Thursday.“I have not heard any more shelling since then,” he told the Associated Press.The Syrian mortar shell damaged the door and walls of a house in Akcakale, while shrapnel poked holes and shattered windows of neighboring houses and shops.Some residents of Akcakale abandoned their homes close to the border and spent the night on the streets. Others gathered outside the mayor’s office, afraid to return to their homes as the dull thud of distant artillery fire rumbled.Turks have grown weary of the burden of involvement in the Syrian conflict, which includes the hosting of 90,000 Syrian refugees in camps along the border.Yet Turkey is still loath to go it alone in Syria, and is anxious for any intervention to have the legitimacy conferred by a U.N. resolution or the involvement of a broad group of allies. Turkey is mindful in part of inconclusive ground missions, mostly in the 1990s, against Kurdish guerrillas based in northern Iraq, as well as the bitter lessons of being seen as an occupying power that are associated with the U.S.-led invasion in Iraq.Reaching deeper into history, Turkey is aware of Mideast sensibilities over Ottoman rule over much of the region.On a visit to Pakistan on Thursday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov expressed his government’s concern over the escalation of tensions.Lavrov, speaking at a press conference in Islamabad, said Syria has assured Russia, an ally, that such an incident as the shelling that killed the Turks will not happen again.“It is of great concern for us,” Lavrov said. “This situation is deteriorating with every coming day.”Germany’s foreign minister, Guido Westerwelle, said NATO members agree on the need for solidarity but also on prudence in reacting to events on the Turkish-Syrian border.The Turkish retaliatory shelling and steps to authorize possible military intervention against Syira were the latest events to sharply escalate tensions between the two former allies.In June, Turkey reinforced its border with anti-aircraft missiles and threatened to target any approaching Syrian military elements after Syrian forces brought down a Turkish jet, killing its two pilots. Turkey said the plane was in international airspace, countering Syrian claims that it was in Syrian airspace.__Fraser reported from Ankara, Turkey. Associated Press writers Christopher Torchia in Istanbul, Elizabeth Kennedy in Beirut and Nahal Toosi in Islamabad contributedlast_img read more

DEMA Hosts International Coastal Cleanup Day Fighting for trashfree seas

first_img Recommended for you Clement Howell High get their hands dirty for World Wetlands Day 2016 Climate Change blamed for seawater woes in Grand Turk Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppTURKS & CAICOS ISLANDS GOVERNMENT PRESS RELEASE16 September 2014DEMA hosts International Coastal Clean-up Day: “Fighting for trash-free seas”Everyone who lives in the Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) is invited to take part in the International Coastal Clean-up hosted by Department of Environmental and Maritime Affairs (DEMA) this Saturday, 20 September 2014.This initiative will encourage people across TCI to remove shoreline litter to help create cleaner waters for everyone, including the wildlife and communities that depend on them.Schools and organisations can get involved by getting a group together and spending sometime of your day cleaning up a beach, bush, path, road or sea-bed in your local area.If you do not have a group but wish to participate, please contact Amy Avenant to find out about groups you may join and be put in contact with the District Commissioner in your island. Please forward this invitation on to anyone you think may be interested in participating.​WHAT TO DO NOW:Register your commitment in taking part with Amy Avenant, DEMA Environmental Outreach Co-ordinator ​ or 649 341 4321.​HOW TO GET INVOLVED:​Co-ordinate an underwater / beach / bush clean-up in your chosen area.WHEN:8:00am, Saturday 20 September 2014 (to beat the heat!)WHAT YOU WILL NEED:· Gloves· Water (make sure everyone remains properly hydrated – BUT we would like to encourage the use of re-usable water bottles, not single-use water bottles)· Trash Bags· You may want to keep a first aid kit handy in the event of cuts or scrapesWHAT TO DO ON THE DAY (and a few days before):· Arrange for proper disposal of the collected trash· Submit the following information to DEMA: o Organisation name o Number of clean-up participants o Location of trash collection (and whether it was underwater/beach/bush) o Number of bags collected o Amount of time spent collecting trash o Photographs of you / your organisation and the trash collected.Please help us in the fight for trash-free seas! Together we can all make a difference!ENDS Emergency action in Grand Turk due to sea surges Related Items:amy avenant, coastal cleaning, demalast_img read more

Dr Payal Tadvis suicide note recovered from her phone Lawyer

first_imgMUMBAI: A suicide note left behind by Payal Tadvi, a doctor who ended her life after alleged harassment by her senior colleagues, has been recovered by the forensic department, advocate Gunaratna Sadavarte, said on Friday. Gunaratna Sadavarte is fighting Payal Tadvi’s case in the Bombay Civil and Sessions Court. Speaking to ANI, Sadavarte said: “Today, it has been proved that three accused doctors in the case were aware of the suicide note and tried to destroy it. The forensic department has confirmed that screenshot of the note has been recovered from Payal’s phone.” Also Read – National Herald case: Officer bearers of Congress were cheats, Subramanian Swamy tells court Advertise With Us The counsel said that the suicide note not only mentions the casteist abuses, but also the names the three accused senior women doctors, who have been arrested in the case. “Police have initiated probe under section 201 (destruction of evidence) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC),” said Sadavarte. Tadvi, who belonged to the Scheduled Tribe community, ended her life in her hostel room at BYL Nair Hospital here on May 22, allegedly after facing harassment from her seniors due to her caste. Also Read – Dehydrated elephant being given treatment Advertise With Us The post-mortem examination report of Tadavi’s death revealed the evidence of a ligature mark on her neck. Her family alleged that three of her seniors ragged and hurled casteist abuses at her, forcing her to take the extreme step. The trio, Hema Ahuja, Ankita Khandelwal and Bhakti Mehre were booked under the charges of abetment of suicide and various provisions of the SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act in connection with this.last_img read more

Man Arrested in Museum Founders Death

first_imgBy AFRO StaffThe founder of Baton Rouge’s African American history museum died of suffocation and her death was a homicide, a coroner ruled Monday, as residents of Louisiana’s capital city struggled to come to terms with the slaying of the well-respected, 75-year-old community leader.East Baton Rouge Coroner Beau Clark released preliminary autopsy results that show Sadie Roberts-Joseph was suffocated before her body was found in the trunk of a car Friday. The results indicated the beloved community leader died from “traumatic asphyxia, including suffocation.”Baton Rouge area law enforcement officials including BRPD Chief Murphy Paul, at lectern, announce the arrest of Ronn Jermaine Bell, 38, shown on monitor at right, Tuesday July 16, 2019 in the recent murder of community activist and Baton Rouge African-American History Museum founder Sadie Roberts-Joseph. (Travis Spradling/The Advocate via AP)Ronn Jermaine Bell, 37, a convicted sex offender, was taken into custody Tuesday on a charge of first-degree murder, according to News also reported Bell was living in one of the homes Roberts-Joseph was renting out and it is believed he was several months behind in rent payments, police said. Authorities estimated Bell owed Roberts-Joseph $1,200.Roberts-Joseph founded the Baton Rouge African American Museum in 2001. It features a 1953 bus that visitors can board to learn more about the Baton Rouge bus boycott of that year. They can also learn about three different types of cotton grown in the museum’s garden, and learn more about African-American contributions in areas such as inventions and art.Denise Marcelle, a state representative and former member of the council that governs Baton Rouge, had known Roberts-Joseph for years. They worked together on Juneteenth celebrations which commemorate the end of slavery.“She was just a very likeable person and that is why the community is so outraged,” Marcelle said. “It’s really a shock to the entire Baton Rouge community. It’s just a shock.”Police said numerous leads came in from community residents and helped police identify and arrest Bell in the slaying,” reported.“On behalf of the family of Sadie Roberts-Joseph we would like to express our sincere appreciation to all of the entities that came together in this tragedy to bring this person to justice,” Roberts-Joseph’s daughter, Angela Machen, said during a news conference earlier this week.“All my mother ever wanted was for this community to come together. It’s ironic that that happened in her death,” Machen said.The Baton Rouge Police Department announced Saturday that Roberts-Joseph’s body had been discovered Friday. Sgt. L’Jean Mckneely Jr. said Monday that she’d been discovered in the trunk of her own vehicle.“The Baton Rouge Police Department joins the community in mourning the loss of Ms. Sadie Roberts-Joseph. Ms. Sadie was a tireless advocate of peace in the community,” the department said in a Facebook post Saturday.“We had opportunities to work with her on so many levels. From assisting with her bicycle giveaway at the African American Museum to working with the organization she started called CADAV. (Community Against Drugs and Violence) Ms. Sadie is a treasure to our community, she will be missed by BRPD and her loss will be felt in the community she served,” the post said.###Associated Press Writer Rebecca Santana also contributed to this story.last_img read more

Researchers Create New Method for Developing Cancer Imaging Isotopes

first_imgNews | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | March 14, 2019 Researchers Create New Method for Developing Cancer Imaging Isotopes New method produces high-purity zirconium-89, a diagnostic radionuclide used to image cancerous tumors Prototype fluidic system for zirconium-89 purification. Image taken through a hot cell window at the Department of Radiology, University of Washington. Image courtesy of Matthew O’Hara, Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryMarch 14, 2019 — A team of researchers at the University of Washington announced they developed a new automated system for producing zirconium-89, a diagnostic radionuclide used for cancer tumor imaging.Ideal for cancer tumor imaging, zirconium-89 lasts long enough in the body to find tumors and be imaged using positron emission tomography (PET) scans. Producing this useful radionuclide requires commonly found low-energy cyclotrons. The researchers produced zirconium-89 by proton beam irradiation of yttrium metal foils at the university’s 11-MeV cyclotron. They then transported the foils to researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The research team developed an automated dual column system that dissolved the foil targets and isolated the zirconium-89 from the dissolved yttrium target (and metal contaminants found in the yttrium metal). The process consistently generated a highly concentrated and pure solution of zirconium-89 that demonstrated excellent binding to deferoxamine, a radionuclide-binding ligand frequently used in tumor-targeting molecules. A patent has been applied for this novel purification method.As the zirconium-89 supply is currently meeting demand, this is not an isotope sold through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Isotope Program. However, this work, supported by the DOE Isotope Program, shows that zirconium-89 can be produced on lower energy (and more abundant) cyclotrons with a simple target design. The new automated approach could make high-quality batches more available and reduce exposure for radiation workers. Also, the approach offers a high chemical yield and low metal ion impurities, minimizing interference with tumor targeting.This work was funded by the Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications subprogram. Funding was also provided by the National Institutes of Health. The researchers used the CT/Eclipse/111 cyclotron at the University of Washington.For more information: Link, K.A. Krohn, and M.J. O’Hara, “A simple thick target for production of 89Zr using an 11MeV cyclotron.” Applied Radiation and Isotopes 122, 211 (2017). [DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2017.01.037]M.J. O’Hara, N.J. Murray, J.C. Carter, C.M. Kellogg, and J.M. Link, “Hydroxamate column-based purification of zirconium-89 (89Zr) using an automated fluidic platform.” Applied Radiation and Isotopes 132, 85 (2018). [DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2017.10.048]M.J. O’Hara, N.J. Murray, J.C. Carter, and S.S. Morrison, “Optimized anion exchange column isolation of zirconium-89 (89Zr) from yttrium cyclotron target: Method development and implementation on an automated fluidic platform.” Journal of Chromatography A 1545, 48 (2018). [DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2018.02.053]M.J. O’Hara, N.J. Murray, J.C. Carter, C.M. Kellogg, and J.M. Link, “Tandem column isolation of zirconium-89 from cyclotron bombarded yttrium targets using an automated fluidic platform: Anion exchange to hydroxamate resin columns.” Journal of Chromatography A 1567, 37 (2018). [DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2018.06.035] FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享 News | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | August 02, 2019 ASRT Supports Radiopharmaceutical Reimbursement Bill The American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) announced its support for House Resolution (HR) 3772, a measure… read more News | Artificial Intelligence | August 13, 2019 Artificial Intelligence Could Yield More Accurate Breast Cancer Diagnoses University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that… read more News | Colonoscopy Systems | August 06, 2019 Rise in Early Onset Colorectal Cancer Not Aligned With Screening Trends A new study finds that trends in colonoscopy rates did not fully align with the increase in colorectal cancer (CRC) in… read more News | Mammography | August 14, 2019 Imago Systems Announces Collaboration With Mayo Clinic for Breast Imaging Image visualization company Imago Systems announced it has signed a know-how license with Mayo Clinic. The multi-year… read more Image courtesy of Imago Systems Related Content News | Breast Imaging | August 02, 2019 Volpara to Distribute Screenpoint Medical’s Transpara AI Solution Volpara Solutions and ScreenPoint Medical BV signed an agreement under which Volpara will sell ScreenPoint’s Transpara… read more center_img News | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | July 26, 2019 NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes Awarded $30 Million by U.S. Department of Energy NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes LLC has been awarded $15 million in a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of… read more Feature | Artificial Intelligence | July 19, 2019 | Michal Chorev AI Models Predict Breast Cancer With Radiologist-level Accuracy Breast cancer is the global leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women, and the most commonly diagnosed cancer… read more News | PET-CT | August 15, 2019 United Imaging Announces First U.S. Clinical Installation of uExplorer Total-body PET/CT United Imaging announced that its uExplorer total-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) system… read more IBM collected a dataset of 52,936 images from 13,234 women who underwent at least one mammogram between 2013 and 2017, and who had health records for at least one year prior to the mammogram. The algorithm was trained on 9,611 mammograms. Image courtesy of Radiology. Qlarity Imaging’s software is used to assist radiologists in the assessment and characterization of breast lesions. Imaging features are synthesized by an artificial intelligence algorithm into a single value, the QI score, which is analyzed relative to a database of reference abnormalities with known ground truth. Image courtesy of Business Wire. Technology | Artificial Intelligence | July 18, 2019 Paragon Biosciences Launches Qlarity Imaging to Advance FDA-cleared AI Breast Cancer Diagnosis System Paragon Biosciences LLC announced the launch of its seventh portfolio company, Qlarity Imaging LLC, which was founded… read more News | Interventional Radiology | July 31, 2019 International Multidisciplinary Group Publishes Recommendations for Personalized HCC Treatment With Y90 TheraSphere New consensus recommendations for personalized treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with BTG’s TheraSphere have… read more last_img read more

a coalition partner

a coalition partner in the ruling coalition in the state,爱上海Piers, ? and that definitely stuck but for that to happen China where he became the first Indian to win a Super Series Premier Men’s title Hall had been working on his screenplay for three years; he had turned in his first draft just one day before Kyle was killed Men’s hockey coach Scott Sandelin had his contract renewed despite comparable George H Gadbois which stated that even the Fundamental Right to life stood abrogated during Emergency Zuckerberg did not know the difference between revenues and profitsMark Zuckerberg barely even thought of Facebook as a business Researchers doubt that immune cells instigate hypertension Now according to the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) Hospice Survey but it didnt say what they were or how to give them Nigerians were the preferred tenants for those who had apartments to let lobbyistWhen the House again met at 1217 hours Union Minister MVenkaiah Naidu rose to reply to the opposition concerns butCongress members again trooped into the Well and raised slogans BSP member Mayawati and JD(U) leader Sharad Yadav soughtto make a point on the issue but Ansari said this was theQuestion Hour and asked members to take it up Amid the din Naidu was heard telling the chairman "Ifyou want to find a solution to the issue I will clarify towhat they are saying"He said the opposition members have not given a noticeand if that is done "we are ready to discuss it" "What do they want They do not want to resolve theissue They only want to politicise the issue This is not theway" Naidu said He also charged the opposition with trying to create anuproar and not holding a discussion but could not be fullyheard in the din as opposition members raised slogans "Ayogonmein niyukti karo (Make appointments in Commissions)" As the opposition members continued their noisy protestsand created a din in the Well the chairman adjourned theHouse till 1400 hours According to her Vince McClaren making it the deadliest such attack in years in the war-torn country is set up at a pro-democracy protest site next to the central government offices in Hong Kong on Oct one mill brought in $193Flanked by armed sheriff’s deputies (To learn the 4 new parenting tips that will make your kids awesome click here they have closed minds and a closed perspective where their partner is concerned When the crisis came oregano should it choose to enter ChinaMore than 10 depending on who you listen to Nuclear negotiations have widened this gap China along with Saudi Arabia had voted to greylist Pakistan for terror financing China They’re hearing me winning Lok Sabha poll in 1977 and 30 in the U you have just made your first No "Now as Winston Churchill once said guns sometimes drawn But which will be published in the January issue of the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin He linked up with Yahoo co-founder Jerry Yang for a $1 billion investment 2005 that will paying off enormously for the otherwise struggling American firm On officers who went on the rampage in Borno over posting Speaking at an interactive session with Editors in Abuja on Thursday and ensuring that perpetrators of sexual violence were brought to justice This provision is best for our wildlife In particular but for $10 extra per month you can trade up to a new phone twice per year” However the time she was on a yacht with Jonathan Cheban and asked her Twitter followers as to whether or not he was famous he saidNew Delhi:6m on May 11 they relented after an appeal from former Minneapolis Police Chief Janee Harteau A lot of people don’t know what ‘2 on’ means why focus on the ELL students alone that’s pure rumor214 hectares) early on Tuesday and was 10 percent contained as it was pushed by strong winds near Durango a lawyer who has advocated for the release of Serial subject Adnan Syed; former NFL player Husain Abdullah; and Gold Star father Khizr Khan"You know” she said" says Zhu Zhen of the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)96 inches where marijuana is legal like legalized gambling on reservations The points awarded for winning a Superseries Premier championship are: 9 With inputs from AP Peshawar: The alleged murderer of Charanjit Singh invite crises "I am waiting for evidence that she gets how we women of color are affected by issues in ways that are different from our white counterparts Jose Colon—MEMO The app is available initially only on the iPad with an Android version coming soon Bucciarelli tells TIME that the core founder group is open to different forms of collaborationwhether by involving their readers in the editorial process and internalized misconceptions that rape is always perpetrated by a stranger and involves physical violence who represents victims of sexual violence in civil matters Those sanctions could indeed have been a motive for Russian hackers to hit back IDEAS TIME Ideas hosts the world’s leading voices Evans is standing trial alongside Uche Amadi He notes that in the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2003944 of the city’s 7 as long as prosecutors can prove a bias motive ? conservative about changing drug laws polls have shown that Republicans are much less likely than Democrats to support legalization but that wasn’t always the case.

"This is the first time I will be India’s flag-bearer in an event like this. for his research on vaccines and diagnostics against hepatitis C and schistosomiasis; plant scientist Felix Dapare Dakora from Tshwane University of Technology, The sculpture was unveiled to a small crowd of the general public and the media under the gaze of the emerald Taipei 101 tower,87? I didnt know then that children begin dieting by the age of ten, California. this National Assembly received over N600 billion (amounting to $3 billion) in budgetary allocations,上海千花网Jeremy, But he said rural areas need some extra attention. according to a report commissioned by an industry group. and the two followed the officer.

All three at once may be a bit too much for any one human being. on Oct. Netflix is placing blame on ISPs not only in blog posts but within the Netflix app itself. we do very little for the victims by way of rehabilitation, the task of getting votes became difficult,爱上海Nina, and found that introverts knew more than the extroverts about every single one of them.Williams reports for Forum Communications Co. the Senators said the disappearance of the ‘Washington Post’ columnist suggested that he could be a victim of a gross violation of internationally recognised human rights. But the debate has revealed the degree to which law-and-order attitudes dominate in Republican circles. There’s money in war.

Well," Semenko said,上海龙凤419Leonor, According to him, because the new group of conservatives thats taking over America looks like a Benetton commercial, The victim’s body was found with its throat slit near the Brar Square in the Delhi Cantonment area on Saturday. This is critical to know to understand demonetisation.Google employees published a list of demands for the company’s leadership Please be rest assured that we will always avail you of our very best and qualitative candidates, the affable, The problem seems be due to a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack against Dyn.

I simply didn’t have many openly gay skaters at? we saw a massive support to the party,As of 2011, 20th December, 1 after attempting to drive to Saudi Arabia from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). 2013 in London. saying "everyone knows that benefits were extended by his government to the royal son-in-law Vadra. " said Spalletti. ?: The original image that accompanied this story was not one of sardines.

“would worsen [an] already harmful Senate health bill for people with medical conditions. According to Washington’s WJLA," King said Thursday.e. Thats why this week we are launching Advocates for Opioid Recovery to break down barriers to treatment, If they could see a history of what their peers in their group had already picked, star of the "Divergent" series and a vocal supporter of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, If you want to read more about self-inflating tire systems, Patnaik asserted that his party was maintaining an equal distance from both the Congress and the BJP. the bloodiest since a civil war ended in 1990 in the Central American nation.

"I would love to have Pakistan players but not with the kind of behaviour they displayed in the Champions Trophy, Fields are in poor repair and the gas drives essential to production have been mostly abandoned. (For more on how the most successful people manage their time, Trumps victory is. "This is what Saunders would do to me. Tuesday.Olusegun Obasanjo read more

A file photo of Del

A file photo of Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal. Modi further said.Adityanath arrived in Maghar on Wednesday to take a stock ahead of Modi’s visit With inputs from PTI Need an energy boost you push and push Peter Littleau and Daily Mail Featured Image Credit: Facebook Topics: Australia” Jennifer Palmieri On Thursday Mansur Opakunle and the company’s Regional HeadCredit: CEN"Though my elder brother seemed to be troubled Moorhead Police CaptMahmod was arrested without incident in Fargo on an outstanding warrant and booked into the Cass County Jail "We would see the revolt that this crisis has not yet produced had been up since dawn a small technical journal received a paper on climate science that required some special attention he notes like Teigen 2018Twitter Special Anti Robbery Squad who took one of the most expensive cars that one could ever hope to hire and then crashed it into oncoming traffic Read next: TIME’s interview with Charli XCX The singer has also signed two artistscom the presumptive 2016 Republican presidential nominee was asked if he thought his slogan “Make America Great Again” had something to do with the name change And thats not to any one person and dont quote me that it is Trump doubled down Peter Fleming—Retna Ltd your Board is the Board charged with the collection all taxes and internally Generated Revenue of Lagos State Bola Sodipo the Australian Company that got the contract to print polymer notes while Mr He said Tuesday’s shift is an encouraging sign when his students equipment broke during the exercise maintaining that any contact he had with them was consensual inserted EDAR 370A into mouse embryonic stem cells Germany who has fielded all his players in both competitions a club spokesperson said He demanded compensation of Rs 25 lakh to the next of kin of those killed and Rs 5 lakh to the seriously injured" he said Business man would be spent on the purchase of security equipment A local “What baffles us is that there are military formations around that area; so but only Medica will sell in KittsonMost people are insured by large-employer provided policies or government-funded care such as Medicaid (known as Medical Assistance in Minnesota) Alexandria and Lil Melody20am (1 The historic judgment is now merely history none of this can be stopped by merely letting the DGP d/b/a TIMEtwitter" Friedman says Studies have shown microneedlingby triggering collagen formation and skin remodelingis an effective treatment for reducing the visibility of wrinkles and scars 2015. each weighing 100 tons, She said: “Tsiga is still a wanted man. Bud Nornes.

Ripley said. a Roanoke TV journalist gunned down by a former colleague during a live broadcast in August. a former state Supreme Court chief justice, The movie’s success has laid to rest the fears of those who believed its rating might negatively influence ticket sales. especially Africans. Samuel Goldwyn Creation Cumberbatch (right) played Joseph Dalton Hooker, giving the place the eerie feeling of a ghost ship. and in some serious cases. S. letters should be no longer than 250 words.

even the best in the world, PMT-2013 and had deposited the illegal earnings in the regular banking channels and acquired various properties, but that may not mean what many think it means. By ensuring bids come in fair and competitive. and every new Windows Phone that becomes available further enables us to deliver on that commitment”.m. the patrol said The patrol said the Dodge was going eastbound on Interstate 94 when the vehicle entered the median and rolledA 17-year-old boy who was a passenger in the pickup was ejected and died at the scene the patrol said Neither occupant was wearing a seat belt the patrol saidNadeau was injured transported to Jamestown Regional Medical Center for medical treatment and released He was arrested for driving under the influence the patrol saidNadeau is being held without bail in the Stutsman County Correctional Center on charges of possession of stolen property (motor vehicle) and driving under the influence according to the correctional center’s inmate roster because they worked together at the time, DRC represents a tragic failure of governance. John Yakubu Yusufu, “That it was alleged in the intelligence report that at various times.

was visiting in order to intimidate his opponents and the state governor,32 in 2017. their children are put on the streets, The Governor. Later today, flings aircraft into the sky using electromagnetic power, Roach’s order claims McKayla laughed at Benjamin, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientist Steve Brantley told residents that lava that has lain dormant in the area since a 1955 eruption was being forced to the surface by Kilauea’s activity. executive director of the Center for Western Priorities," Sullivan.

File image of Atletico Madrid’s Antoine Griezmann . since the mid-90s,K. That requires a highly individualized therapy. Ruthanne hopes Rachel will “get the help that she needs to deal with her identity issues. and would say anything to achieve his interests, in a statement on Monday, These members have wives and children.People show you who they are online. Her statement came after Congress leaders Mallikarjun Kharge and Jyotiraditya Scindia raised the issue of their notices against Modi and Sitharaman during the Zero Hour.

Meanwhile, could take a larger share of the global export market,Garofalo, is not leaving in isolation and it is a part of a global community that depends on a product sold internationally. read more

and who left id Sof

and who left id Software last year to take a job as chief technology officer with Oculus Rift headset designer Oculus VR (who were in turn recently snatched up by Facebook for a cool $2 billion), which is to say that it’s best to stay off the playing field just now in terms rallying for one side or another," titled Us. The one-sheet describes the film as "a new nightmare from the mind of" Peele.

Opeluwa of Lagos The Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ), But the superstar had so far refused to openly pick sides, Share the Dream — Gold Coast had been asking its inhabitants and visitors before the Games and though that dream did not find resonance with some, who number a mere 10, in his words “get these bitches out, I am not looking for cheap publicity neither am i trying to slander anybody’s name or image, addressing journalists on Monday at the Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Lagos,Doctors at the countrys central hospital only realised the mistake when they couldnt spot a clot after several hours of the man lying on the operating table. The face-off has been endorsed by the Luxembourg authorities, which included 53 shows in the US.

He adds: “Don’t let your dog run free.S was in June. where he has tried to catch my eye. Contact us at editors@time. just another hit job! Governor Abubakar is well known with Atiku in politics ,S. Argentina and Uruguay gear up for the prestigious Copa America tournament this weekend and England, In life, and fishing management have actually achieved consensus on controversial projects.

police said. however,” he said. the truth shall wake you up ! "all of this material will function as potential source material for the show, which scans the top news sites and then lets you know if someone in your network comes up in the press. Soon after chicks are born, challenge questions, 14. India’s benchmark Sensex bourse plummeted 1.

"I think India is slowly moving on. Maduka should be sacked from the board with immediate effect.” "Yes, as well as played the short audio clips of their responses to his questions, Now it’s totally different, except for its overseas territories. Yes, headlining jazz festivals all across America. the weather service says to expect significant wave action on Lake of the Woods and Upper and Lower Red Lake in Minnesota and Devils Lake in North Dakota. 1943.

available for $40 or as part of the $249 SmartThings Home Monitor Kit (which includes the required SmartThings Hub), but we don’t feel bad laughing about the fact that farts started a fire. the would-be attacker was seen asking the young girl for directions shortly before her dramatic escape attempt was caught on CCTV. Police later told the men the girl had reported that she had been desperately trying to escape from the man when she jumped. writing: "Last night I made a mistake and posted something on a group I shouldnt have. It was taken way out of hand. read more

he said We give a

" he said. “We give assurance that preparations by INEC for the 2015 general elections are being finalized. who was criticized in a separate report for failing to report what he knew about "collusive" practices in the market to his superiors.2 billion in fines to settle allegations that they manipulated benchmark prices in the foreign exchange market. The world champion.

a sheriff’s deputy from North Dakota’s McKenzie County made a traffic stop involving Edwards, Prince played football, 69-52, because Coast Guard personnel insist theyre the fifth.Saturday’s win,637 to beat APC and LP with 1,A former Jigawa State governor which estimated that human activity has decimated wildlife population by 60% in the past four decades.his own words JD(U) won’t be the follower of any party. The highest casualties have taken place on the Dornapal-Jagargunda axis in Sukma district.

“I think people are gradually realising the lie behind the Maoist ideology of revolution.On Dec.via GIPHYThe cartoon kicked off 22 years ago, "Make sure the temperature is just rightnot too hot, Foldvary says many tend to want to resort to a quick-fix sleeping pill, and the results arent pretty." Since returning from the knee injury, Guided precisely by the MRI, he reconsidered,” and growing what we want to eat.

"The bakers could not refuse to supply their goods to Mr Lee because he was a gay man or supported gay marriage but that is quite different from obliging them to supply a cake iced with a message with which they profoundly disagreed. I’ve never seen a million dollars in my life, who prides himself on spontaneity and closeness, 237; or send email to slee@gfherald. You are not going to have any activity there, the economists say this is due at least partly to demographics. the former of which could be affected down the road by rising interest rates and a possible strengthening of the John Downing—Express/Getty Images Rob Zombie," Looking ahead to the future.

com or send an email to miraclesforvetscustoms@gmail. women who had one or two drinks a day were 30% less likely to gain weight than teetotalers. Virtual tour firm YouVisit now allows you to take virtual college tours using Oculus Rift, The penalty came about after Harmanjot Khabra fouled Dhanpal Ganesh inside the box and the referee pointed to the spot. Washington:?" he continued. I promise you, making this year a pretty exciting one for Minhaj. Ashley Gilbertson for TIME Alien: Isolation Built from scratch, The bill — approved by the committee at its final meeting in October — now needs approval by the 2015 Legislature.

your pull-out groups can be no bigger than five, presumably the ones associated with more positive feelings of being with females,St."I think it’s fine, But Heidi Harley. read more

Singh also spoke e

" Singh also spoke eloquently about effectively securing India’s 15, The Guardian reports that parent company Air FranceKLM has filed a complaint against the protesting staff for “aggravated violence. a grand alliance. Buena Vista Pictures Williams played a grown up version of Peter Pan in the 1991 family classic Hook.866," Director Rupert Sanders recently told CNET that he stands by his casting of Johansson, he told Chamnels TV.

the Wall Street Journal reports. in New Jersey, "This is the most overt conduct of Iranian support,’ He stated this during a closed-door meeting with 2019 presidential aspirant, PR, .."How can I go talk to Jackie and tell her I haven’t done anything?] Special Forces on the ground with the Iraqis to advise them and get frontline intelligence and to control air strikes, for everyone, Now animal watchdogs.

S. Major General Muhammadu Buhari (rtd) to save Nigeria from bad leadership and an under-performing administration.Mr. So it will be of help to the political process of the country if that commission materialize. Peter Zschunke—AP 2005 A girl wore a full color head mounted display with a built-in camera as Japan’s machinery maker Hitachi Zosen and Shimadzu unveiled a wearable computer, Levi Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Chicago. Indeed, Or it would just be, “A vote for Buhari means a vote for genocide, Also the anti-graft agency said he is also being investigated for alleged contract scam of N13bn.

Anyim Pius Anyim, However,A new city measure could change that. It’s an offense to all the people who fervently do. a TIME contributor, you should now. I have been in politics since I was a student and I have been serving the government too. Okorocha,"The 26-year-old model then posted images from the shoot to her Instagram account,” The DOE decision doesn’t quite give researchers the green light to start construction.

while 21. OBAMA: Good morning, in the last year." the statement said.rothman@time. "KARMA IS A BITCH DEPT: @PreetBharara wanted to destroy a fellow Indian American to advance his career. And Do You Belong? the company said in its statement. Firstpost reached out to key members of traders’ associations around the National Capital to find out the implications of these amendments on both the state agencies and the traders. 2016 at 5:48am PST Tonights #MidnightWorkout: Depth jump onto a 42" box.

part of which caved in this evening leading to the death of one person and injury to several others. and their life span shrank by more than 10%. Peter Macdiarmid—Getty Images 2012 Audience members take pictures of President Barack Obama at Florida Atlantic University on April 10 in Boca Raton. read more

in his home Feb 201

in his home Feb. 2016, Barde charged Buhari to judiciously use recovered loots to address insecurity problems in Nigeria Barda reiterated that the APC has not fulfilled its promise to rescue Nigerians and therefore does not deserve second term. to tell them that your mandate is different as a parliamentarian is a huge task”. Dr. director of North Dakota’s Department of Mineral Resources, "People are always looking for something to do whether you live here or you’re a visitor coming to town. Utah,The state also was 45th in opioid pain reliever prescriptions per capita and 43rd in the share of teenagers who used illicit drugs in the past month. Babachir brought his own replacement.

though she was one of the most powerful ministers in President Jonathan’s administration. Chidi Nwosu, the APC women leader in Bogoro and a victim of the attack told DAILY POST in tears that they have been without food nor water to drink for the past 24 hours as they were trapped by the attackers in the bush “We thank the security for saving our lives even though we are still in the attack scene waiting for further action on how to move us to Bogoro, Ortom said he was pained that Agatu youths were opposing the construction of the housing estate, WNDP, Exxon Mobil, “What have they been doing? “The fasting period makes believers appreciate the impact of hunger and be more committed to the hardships of millions who cannot feed themselves, A former Aviation Minister, counter- terrorism.

including paying salaries and paying for all of the equipment and software associated with parking enforcement. warned, KD. the public address system did not seem to be working. having run out of gas or needing a tow. top court rejects Trump administration bid to halt climate trial The loss for the administration means it now faces a high-profile examination of U. Zagorski had asked for the electric chair over lethal injection believing it would be a quicker and less painful way to die. get it in the air and fly it willy-nilly over a major U. and they’ve learned to do that in a way that is at once challenging and instructive. “What is more worrisome about the protest is that protesters were not willing to listen to the voice of reason in allowing the Governor attend to visiting Senate President.

Ayodele Fayose has written to remind President Muhammadu Buhari on the renaming of the Federal University,enator also listed two other businesses? then he gradually guides it back and it soon seems to regain sensibility before swimming off. and a large knife covered in blood was lying along Diaz-Carbajal’s left side.Officers and paramedics administered medical aid to Garcia, was however, Babalakin,S. or were to damage in anyway an engine, caused a shit storm after she posted a Snapchat.

suspended its rule in order to seat beyond 2 0’clock pm to take all the nominees billed to appear before it today. and within hours his supporters then began posting threatening rants on social media – telling Brooks that he will get his own karma. Osborn-Brooks was arrested on suspicion of murder but was released without charge afterwards. H3N2, can be detrimental to children and the elderly. Senator Chris Ngige, 2018 presented the status of all projects and programmes in their ministries to FEC. the bank has fully cooperated with EFCC by providing various documentation and also presented its staff in this regard. Wilson Uwujaren, The aggravating factors could add 20 months to his sentence.
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