Dear Editor,As this Black History Month, February of 2018, draws to a close in this the fourth year of the UN-proclaimed decade (2015 to 2024) for “People of African Descent”, I hasten to yield to a challenge to write a letter on this subject.We understand without question that the UN proclamation of this decade is directed at speeding the dissipation of the adverse legacies of that historical period of some 250 years, when tens of millions of black Africans were taken as chattel slaves by Europeans of that era, in their global expansion and dominance, to provide enslaved labour for their plantations in their newly discovered and conquered lands of the Americas and the Caribbean.What should be the attitude today of people of African descent to that period of horrible slavery? That period cannot be erased from the history of Mankind, but in time it ought to become a bald fact of history — much as England, along with a great part of Western, Middle and Eastern Europe, unto the borders of Asia and North Africa, were brought under the dominion of Rome; much as we were taught in our Christian Sunday Schools about Moses leading the people of Israel out of their bondage in Egypt.It was his brothers who had sold Joseph into slavery in Egypt, but fortune made Joseph, a slave, the right hand man of Pharaoh, and Joseph’s people were afforded a place of honour through that dynasty. However, as happens in the course of time, in the rise and fall of peoples and nations, there arose a new dynasty of Pharaohs who knew not, and would pay no heed to, the special honoured place of the people of Israel in Egypt, and made them slaves.Slavery has been, it can be argued, one of the most common practices amongst Humankind: making forced servants of conquered people. There is probably no one who does not have a number of enslaved as well as slave-holding persons among his ancestors, but the European slavery of black Africans had a number of particularly pernicious features.During a tour of ancient sites in Greece in 1978 (after a bauxite conference), the tour guide pointed out the columns on which the names of erstwhile slaves were enscribed as they were freed. Most of those slaves were from other Greek city states, who had been on the defeated side in one of their frequent battles. In such circumstances, the fact of having been a slave might be lost within a generation with little, if any, adverse effects.My mind turned to that quote from Alex De Tocquville, “the institution of slavery has disgraced the race, and the physiological peculiarities of the race (have) perpetuated the disgrace”. There was an interesting nuance in a quote from a Brazilian (Iberian) author, “the propensity to discriminate is a function of the degree of separation of the ideals of physiological beauty”. For him, however, the ideal of physiological beauty is the physiology of the conqueror, the winner, the successful – and he argued that Iberian people who had seen black Africans in the conquering Moor armies from North Africa saw beauty in the black African physiology, and were less inclined to discriminate against black Africans as absolutely as northern Europeans, many of whom only knew of black Africans as disgraced chattel slaves.There was a lot unconsciously inherent in that cry, in the 1970s, about Angela Davis, “Bright, Beautiful and Black”.I welcome the work being done to make available a history of black Africa before and beyond that of the land from which captive black African slaves came – the emerging stories of ruling families and kingdoms, and intrigue in black Africa, which would be the match of similar ones from Europe.Yours truly,Samuel A A HindsFormer President andFormer PrimeMinister
Signing bonus scandal…“there is no need to make it public”…claims it’s an escrow accountPresident David Granger had admitted that he had instructed that the US$18 million signing bonus be placed in a Bank of Guyana account instead of the Consolidated Fund.The President made the comment on Wednesday as pressure mounts over what has been described as a breach of financial regulations governing such revenues. The President defended the move by saying that it was a legitimate Government of Guyana exercise.According to Granger, in making such a decision, there was never an intention toPresident David Granger speaking with the media on Wednesdaydeceive the nation but rather the transaction was not revealed because of national security implications. He claimed that at the time when the US$18 million signing bonus was received, it was meant to be used for “certain matters” which he perceived were of national security interest and at that time, it was the right “thing to do so that we can have access in the event of a national security emergency”.Speaking to reporters on the sideline of an event at State House on Wednesday, the President said, “…it is a legitimate Government of Guyana exercise. It is in the Bank of Guyana in an escrow account…it was not dishonestly acquired and cannot be used for purposes it was not intended …so, as far as I am concerned, it is a legitimate Government of Guyana practice. The money has not been dishonestly acquired.”Questioned on the decision to keep the money a secret from Guyanese, the Head of State said that “evidence of non-disclosure does not mean it’s evidence of an intention of deception…there was no need to make it public”.The Government has been consistently denying receiving the money, but a document by Finance Secretary Hector Butts was leaked to Guyana Times and it stated there was a request that the Bank of Guyana’s Governor set up a special account to deposit the money.A few months ago, Chartered Accountant, Christopher Ram, revealed to the nation that Government had collected a US$20-million-dollar signing bonus from the oil company. However, Government’s receipt of this bonus was denied by Finance Minister Winston Jordan; Minister of State, Joseph Harmon; and Natural Resources Minister Raphael Trotman, who had all pleaded ignorance of the bonus when asked by the media.After the leaked document was published by Guyana Times, ExxonMobil has since said that they in fact paid US$18 million over to the Government.In lashing out at the Government for lying to the nation, Ram has since called for an inquiry to be held into all deals negotiated by the Natural Resources Ministry, and for criminal charges to be instituted against ministers at the centre of the controversy.Now that the proverbial cat is out of the bag, Ram noted, there are immediate and longer-term implications of this saga from which Guyana may forever suffer. One of these implications, he pointed out, is that high-level officials of the Finance Ministry, Guyana Geology and Mines Commission, and the Bank of Guyana — inclusive of the Audit Committee — have been ensnared in this conspiracy.Ram added it means that Article 216 of the Constitution of Guyana has been knowingly violated; “that critical information contained in the Estimates of Expenditure now being considered by the National Assembly is inaccurate, incorrect and meaningless; that the 2016 financial statements of the Government and of the Consolidated Fund are for 2016 similarly deficient.”Meanwhile, in light of revelations Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo has called for the resignation of the entire Government after they deceived Guyanese. On Friday, during his Budget 2018 presentation, Jagdeo noted the fact that a special account was set up breaches the financial laws of the country, while adding that the monies ought to have been deposited into the account of the Guyana Geology and Mines Commission (GGMC) or the Consolidated Fund.Jagdeo contended that the funds should have been included in the budget, adding that it was understated by over $4 billion. This, he said, is grounds to call for the withdrawing of the entire 2018 estimates because it translates to being not only fraudulent but also illegal.Adding its voice to the condemnation of the Government’s action, the Transparency Institute of Guyana Inc (TIGI) and other anti-corruption advocates are up in arms over revelations that Government had moved to open a secret account with the Bank of Guyana (BoG) to facilitate receipt of a signing bonus.According to the TIGI, the coalition, while on the Opposition benches, had been vociferous about the transparent management of state finances. Now that it has formed the Government, it is failing to show that it can accountably manage oil resources.Government’s receipt of this bonus was initially denied by Finance Minister Winston Jordan; Minister of State, Joseph Harmon; and Natural Resources Minister Raphael Trotman, who had all pleaded ignorance of the bonus when asked by the media.After months of denial, the Natural Resources Minister on Friday told the National Assembly that Government did receive a large sum of money from oil giant ExxonMobil following the signing of the Production Sharing Agreement (PSA). The Finance Minister also admitted that the money was received. ExxonMobil has since said that the company paid over the money to Government last year.
Listen again to everyone’s favourite part of the talkSPORT week.
West Ham boss Slaven Bilic is hopeful Andre Ayew will make a swift return to action.The Hammers’ £20m record signing suffered a thigh injury on his debut against Chelsea on Monday night and limped off less than half an hour into the 2-1 defeat.He is now set to undergo a scan to determine the extent of the problem, although the 26-year-old is confident it is only a minor issue.“Ayew has a thigh injury, he told me it’s not a big one but you never know,” said Bilic.“He will have a scan and we have to wait for the result of the scan to know how long he will be out.”Ayew is unlikely to feature in Thursday’s Europa League trip to Astra Giurgui in Romania whatever the outcome of the scan results, while another summer signing, Sofiane Feghouli, is also set to miss out with a hamstring problem.Despite the injury problems in attack, Bilic insists he will not rush Dimitri Payet back into action after his exploits with France at Euro 2016.The playmaker was left on the bench for Monday’s defeat at Chelsea having returned late to pre-season training.“Feghouli picked up something against Juventus which we didn’t think was an injury and he trained for a week but he is injured,” said Bilic.“It was a plan for Dimitri to come on for not more than half an hour.“I spoke to him yesterday, he felt good and he looks good in training, but he’s not ready yet for 90 minutes. It was the plan to bring him on.“He gives you composure, he creates opportunities and space for other players.” 1 Andre Ayew picks up an injury in West Ham’s defeat to Chelsea
Clíodhna Ní Ghallachóir, from Gortahork, a student at Pobalscoil Ghaoth Dobhair, won the first prize in the 15-18 Public Speaking competition at the recent Oireachtas Festival in Kilarney, Co.Kerry.The annual Oireachtas Festival is a mecca for lovers and performers of the traditional arts and this year’s competitions again received a huge number of entrants aged from 6 years to 68. The range of competitions included storytelling, sean-nós dancing and singing, and the famous Lúibíní competition in which two people perform a rhyming story through song.The highlights of this years festival included the newly composed piece by Peadar Ó Riada, entitled I gCuimhne Laochra (Remembering Heroes), that was commissioned by An tOireachtas as part of their 1916 commemortations.A central theme in this years festival was the future of Irish language drama. This years programme featured an exciting and innovative line up of radio plays as well as a forum on the future of Irish language Drama. “The creation and performance of Irish Language Drama is a very important aspect of Irish culture” says Liam Ó Maolaodha, Director of An tOireachtas. “In this Centenary year when we think of the effect that play writes such as Lady Gregory, Yeats and O Casey had on this country, it is vital that we keep this dramatic torch burning brightly, as a way of exploring, expressing and entertaining ourselves.”Donegal girl takes first prize at Oireachtas Festival was last modified: November 4th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalgortahorkOireachtas Fetsivalwinner
There were a lot of missed heartbeats and swooning at the Mount Errigal Hotel last night. No – Jedward weren’t back in town. But the Donegal GAA team were and certainly got into the swing of things for a very good cause. The team answered the call of local doctor Charlie McManus from Letterkenny General Hospital. Charlie organised a fashion show and concert with a difference in aid of the Neo Natal Unit in Altnagelvin, the maternity ward in Letterkenny General and the Donegal Football Team Training Fund. Charlie just happens to be the Donegal Team doctor so it was very difficult for any of the lads to say ‘no.’ A great night was had by all and needless to say Michael Murphy or Karl Lacey will NOT be signed up by any modeling agency any time soon (and they were the good ones!) THE DONEGAL GAA TEAM DO THE FULL MONTY – ALMOST! was last modified: June 5th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal GAA teaDr Charlie McManusfashion show
The Tirconaill Tribune’s Declan Kerr, who is also the Finn Harps Media Officer, will be one of the nominees at the Soccer Writers Association of Ireland’ annual awards on this Friday night at the Conrad Hotel in Dublin.Declan is one of the three nominees in the ‘Press Officer of the Year’ category. He only took the up position with Finn Harps in July in the middle of the Premier Division season.The Irish Soccer Writers have a judging panel that decide the nominees based on the quality of press material coming from the 20 League of Ireland clubs. “I never expected to be nominated especially as only took it on in July. But there are others involved with Finn Harps media that deserve to be mentioned here like Aidan McNelis. I’m looking forward to just enjoying the night and it’s good for Finn Harps to be recognised at the annual awards where you will have the likes of Stephen Kenny and Daryl Horgan from Dundalk going for the top honours” Declan said.The other ‘Press Officer’ nominees are from League champions Dundalk and fellow Premier Division side Galway Utd.In order to give something back to the press officers of League of Ireland clubs, the Soccer Writers’ Association of Ireland (SWAI) created this award in 2006 as a token of appreciation for their efforts.“Often taken on a voluntary basis, the press officer role is one that demands time, attention and commitment in order to represent their club and connect with any one who may need access or information that is not readily available.” “The SWAI appreciates the work of press officers more than most considering how much we rely on them, so the association is extremely proud to present this award every year to someone who goes above and beyond their job remit.”*The staff at Donegal Daily would like to wish our colleague and friend Declan the very best of luck on Friday evening.Well-known Donegal writer nominated as ‘Press Officer of The Year’ was last modified: January 11th, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
BY EMMET RUSHE: National Arthritis Week is on between the 12-18th of October.Arthritis Ireland will be raising awareness with national events and awareness campaigns and will be using the #awareness when posting on social media about the events.Arthritis Ireland has great information on their website regarding exercise and arthritis. In this 2 part Article I’ll be haring some tips and information from ArthritisIreland.ie that can be used for anyone who has arthritis and who is thinking or beginning exercise.Exercise can help you improve your health and fitness without hurting your joints.Cartilage depends on joint movement to absorb nutrients and remove waste.Maintaining a healthy body weight is an important part of arthritis management.Did you know that losing 1kg of excess weight decreases stress on your knees by 4kg?By increasing physical activity, you can make a difference to your joints and overall health.Along with your current treatment programme, regular, moderate exercise offers a whole host of benefits, including: Reduces your joint pain and stiffnessStrengthens the muscles, ligaments and cartilage around your jointsHelps you maintain bone strength and qualityIncreases your joint range of motion and joint mobilityImproves your balanceGives you more strength and energy to get through the dayExercise will not make your arthritis worse – as long as it is the right sort of exercise.There isn’t just one particular exercise or activity that is recommended for people with arthritis. Choose an activity that you enjoy and that is convenient for you to do.Low-impact exercises, with less weight or force going through your joints, are usually most suitable.Examples of low-impact activities include:WalkingSwimming and exercising in water, such as hydrotherapy (with a physiotherapist)CyclingYoga, Tai Chi and PilatesDancingThe wrong sort of exercise could put strain on your joints and damage them further.Ask your GP to refer you to a physiotherapist.There are three main types of exercise for people with arthritis: Range of movement Strengthening Aerobic exerciseA good exercise programme will generally include a combination of all three. Range of MovementRange of movement (ROM) exercises forms the backbone of every exercise programme.It is important to do these as they help maintain flexibility, relieve stiffness and are important for good posture and strength.Range-of movement exercises involve moving your joints through their normal range of movement and then easing them a little further, such as raising your arms over your head or rolling your shoulders forward and backward.ROM exercises are done smoothly and gently so they can be carried out even when in pain and during a flare-up.Tips for range of movement activities:ROM activities are best done daily in a non-weight bearing position, such as lying or sitting on your bed or couch.When doing ROM exercises, move your joints within the full range as much as you can tolerate and not any further.If you are experiencing pain in your joints, your ROM will be limited, but it is important to move within your limits every day.For ROM exercises, if the joint you are moving feels good you can repeat these activities five to 10 times, holding each position for no more than three seconds.Stretches are best done when the muscles are warm, such as after a walk or fitness class.Stretches should be a smooth movement; avoid bouncing or jerking.If the joint you are moving is hot, swollen or painful, avoid stretches for that dayStrengthening Strengthening exercises are important for everyone, but especially for people with arthritis, because they help strengthen the muscles which move, protect and support your joints.Many people become less active when they develop arthritis because of the pain and fear of causing damage.This can lead to muscle wastage and weaker joints.By developing strong muscles, joints become more stable and activities such as walking and climbing stairs are easier.Some exercises may be harmful so always check with a doctor or physiotherapist before starting on a regime –they may be able to suggest alternative moves.There are many ways you can do muscle strengthening activities:Lifting weights using machines, dumbbells, or weight cuffsWorking with resistance bandsUsing your own bodyweight as resistance (e.g., push-ups, sit ups)Heavy gardening (e.g., digging, shovelling)Some group exercise classes.Tips for strengthening activities:It is important to avoid doing strengthening exercises on consecutive days so that you have a day of rest in between.When starting out, it is advisable to use light weights or resistance bands.Pick a resistance that allows you to do 10 to 15 repetitions. As your strength improves and this becomes easy, you can progress to heavier weights or stronger resistance bands and continue to progress to a weight or resistance level you can tolerate.If the joint you are moving is healthy or free of pain, you can repeat the strength exercises 10 times. If the joint continues to be pain-free, then you can increase the number of repetitions to three sets of 10.Always take a break after each set and in between activities.If the joint you are exercising is slightly swollen and only mildly painful, cut the repetitions in half and increase their number only very gradually.If the joint you are exercising is hot, swollen and painful, do not perform strengthening exercises without first consulting your health-care provider.Next week I’ll be looking at aerobic ways to stay active in exercise, daily life and even in work.In the mean time you can keep in contact with me through the link below.#TrainSmartFor more information, contact me through the link below.https://www.facebook.com/pages/Rushe-Fitness/120518884715118?ref=hl * Emmet is the owner and operator of Rushe FitnessEMMET RUSHE’S FITNESS COLUMN: EXERCISE AND ARTHRITIS – PART 1 was last modified: October 4th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:arthritisemmet rusheexercisefitness column
Editor’s note: Geocaching HQ staff are joining geocachers at Mega-Events around the world to celebrate and share the adventure of geocaching. Andrea Hofer returns to her home state of Florida to attend the 2013 Florida Finder’s Fest. This is Andrea’s account of her trip.by Andrea:The 2013 Florida Finder’s Fest was a total blast. With hundreds of attendees in the Ocala National Forest, activities ranged from a chili cook-off to running through the woods at night. And of course caching, caching, caching!Group photo from The 2013 Florida Finder’s FestCheck out the photo gallery below for a look at a geocaching paradise in Florida. Andrea Hofer, , reports from Florida Finder’s Fest Here we are crossing the St. Johns river on the tiniest ferry ever to get the other half of a multi-cache. St. Johns is one of only 3 U.S. rivers that flow north.After that, it was time for the night gauntlet. This was my first time night caching, and if you haven’t tried it, you owe it to yourself to get out there and stumble through nature at night – with a group for support. Ocala National Forest is known for alien activity, so aluminum foil deflection beanies were encouraged.I also had the opportunity to go caching with Hunster, who has racked up 80,000 finds in 8 years. This included a crash course in GSAK and in using a GPS, since so far I’ve been more of a mobile cacher. Photo Credit: Laurie OlesenOk, this part of my recap might scare you a bit, so consider yourself warned. One great part of megas is seeing the creative trackables people bring to be discovered. This one took me a while to figure out.All in all, visiting my home state and learning about local geocaching traditions (Florida Style caching, anyone?) was a fantastic experience. Thanks to IceCreamMan and his forest minions for all their work!Don’t miss this recap video by Geopat92. I’m in there at the 5:28 minute mark.Share with your Friends:More The first step to arriving in style at a mega is to make sure your car is properly decorated.I decked out my rental in Geocaching flags and the HQ car Travel Bug.First thing in the morning I set out with a2arnold for a Jeep run.Now I’ve learned that snorkels aren’t just for people. SharePrint RelatedGeocaching Vacation Destinations – Geocaching.com Weekly NewsletterOctober 4, 2012In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”Mid-West Geo-Bash 2013 — One Geocaching HQ staffer’s journey into Area 51August 5, 2013In “Geocaching.com Videos”Going Caching 2013 Mega-Event — Geocaching HQ Trip Report by Sean BootsNovember 27, 2013In “Community”
September is a great time of year to go geocaching because it marks the start of the shoulder season. This is the time between the summer and winter seasons (or winter and summer for all you southern hemisphere folks!) Spring and Fall weather may have a bit less predictability, but one thing is certain: there are fewer people on the trails. Make a List (Premium member feature) and share it: Adding caches to a List is a convenient way to plan your route and it’s just as important to share your geocaching plans with someone else too!Download the List for offline use: Make sure to save your geocaches in advance so that you can access them when you are out of cell range.Do your research: Check to see if there is useful trail information in the geocache description, or if recent finders provided useful information or pictures. Tips for hiking: Take advantage of this time of year by trying something new with your caching, Autumn can be a wonderful time of year to go hiking, while the warming temperatures of Spring can have you seeking to plan future geocaching adventures. SharePrint Related5 reasons to keep geocaching as the seasons changeOctober 9, 2018In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter”Geocaching 2 by 2 – Power your Relationships with GeocachingJune 3, 2013In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter”From the Desk of Moun10Bike: How to Keep Your Geocaching Streak Going in the SnowDecember 18, 2013In “Community” Check out the search map: Easily filter for the caches you want to find, add them all to a List*, download to GPX, or send to your Garmin device. Plus, Premium members can create Pocket Queries—custom geocache searches you can have emailed to you on a daily or weekly basis. *Lists created on Geocaching.com automatically sync to your Geocaching® app. Use Sorting and Filtering: Premium members can filter by geocache type, size, difficulty and terrain ratings, and filter out found and owned geocaches. Did you know you can even filter by your favorite cache owner? Look for the funnel icon at the top right of the map screen to access Filtered Search in the Geocaching® app.Join a Geocaching organization: Located all around the world, geocaching organization and groups connect geocachers to other local explorers. How are you preparing for a new season of geocaching? Share in the comments below!Share with your Friends:More Tips for seeking: