Constitution never spoke of absolute majority – former senior Judge

first_imgUnconstitutional insertion…says appellate ruling means dual citizens must now chooseA former senior Judge who had presided over several constitutional cases in Guyana on Tuesday said that the Constitution of Guyana did not contemplate having an “absolute” majority used to ensure the passage of a no-confidence motion – a word which he noted seems to have been interjected there by persons.The former Judge expressed his scepticism for the mathematical formula submitted by the Government in cases arguing that the no-confidence motion was invalidly passed which was adopted by two Justices of the Appellate Court.In the interview with Guyana Times, the former Judge noted that the Constitution speaks to all elected members or members present and voting, not “absolute” or “simple”. This is a view that Appeal Court Judge Rishi Persaud had supported in the 2-1 split decision and was earlier articulated by the acting Chief Justice in the High Court.While Justice Persaud had dismissed the appeal and concurred with the ruling of the High Court, his two colleague appellate judges allowed the state’s appeal.Both Justices Yonette Cummings-Edwards and Dawn Gregory opined that while 33 is the majority of the 65- member National Assembly, the successful passage of a no- confidence motion requires an “absolute majority” of 34, and not the “simple” majority of 33 that has been used to pass ordinary business in the House.According to the appellate judges, half of the National Assembly would be 32.5 and since there is no half vote then that would be rounded up to 33, which is a “simple” majority of the House, and so in order to make it “absolute”, one more has to be added to bring about a 34 majority.Dual citizensOn the matter of dual citizenship, the former Judge noted that dual-citizen Members of Parliament no longer have the luxury of hiding behind blissful ignorance.“I think everyone knows now that if you have dual citizenship, you can’t be an MP,” the former Judge said. “In light of the ruling of the (Appeal) court, can you now say that you don’t know that you’re not qualified?“That may have been open for (former Alliance For Change MP) Charrandas Persaud to say. But is it open for anyone else to say now, that they don’t know? They have to make a choice.”The former Judge noted that in case dual-citizen parliamentarians disregard the Appellate Court ruling and a vote is held, it will fall to Speaker of the National Assembly, Dr Barton Scotland to validate or invalidate the proceedings, bearing in mind the ruling.With Parliament expected to be reconvened at any moment after the ruling of the Appeal Court on Friday, persons have been questioning whether dual citizens will return to the chambers. When it comes to the Government; however, it is expected to be business as usual for the dual citizens.When contacted by this publication on Monday, Opposition Chief Whip Amna Ally had stated that all Members of Parliament on the Government side would be turning out for the next sitting. She noted that there was nothing impeding them from attending.“I don’t know that there is a court action filed against anyone from attending… so all parliamentarians will be attending Parliament,” Ally explained, when asked about the fate of the dual citizens on her side.Not attendingAlready, the People’s Progressive Party (PPP) has made it known that it would not be attending sittings of the National Assembly, with Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo announcing on Sunday that the Party would be sitting out sittings while the no- confidence cases still have to be settled.According to Jagdeo in the announcement on his social media page, he wishes to “place on record that the People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) will not attend any sitting of the National Assembly”.This, according to Jagdeo, will be in effect while the appeal in the no-confidence motion cases is pending at the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ). Following the Appeal Court ruling that the no-confidence motion was not validly passed, the PPP had announced on Friday that it would move to the CCJ.When it comes to dual citizens, the longstanding issue rose to the surface with the passage of the no-confidence motion last year.  In February, Chief Justice Roxane George had ruled on the case filed by Compton Reid over the dual citizenship of former AFC MP Charrandas Persaud.In the case it brought to the acting Chief Justice, Government had argued that Persaud’s dual citizenship status invalidated his vote in support of the no-confidence motion that brought the Government down.According to the CJ, by swearing allegiance to another state, a dual citizen is not qualified to be elected to serve in the National Assembly. But Charrandas is not the only one. In the Opposition camp, Chief Whip Gail Teixeira (who has Canadian citizenship) has already indicated her willingness to renounce her citizenship.In the case of the Government, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Carl Greenidge (United Kingdom citizen) and Minister of State, Joseph Harmon (who has United States citizenship) have both failed to address if they would choose Parliament or dual citizenship when the time comes.Article 155 (1) of the Constitution of Guyana states that “No person shall be qualified for election as a member of the National Assembly who (a) is, by virtue of his own act, under any acknowledgement of allegiance, obedience or adherence to a foreign power or state.”last_img read more

West Ham loan ace confident of earning England call

first_imgCarl Jenkinson is aiming to follow in the footsteps of Stewart Downing and earn a call-up to the England senior squad this season.The West Ham defender has been in impressive form since joining the east London club on a season-long loan from Arsenal during the summer.England manager Roy Hodgson has been to see the high-flying Hammers on a few occasions this season, but has opted not select the full-back in his latest squad, with Jenkinson instead having to settle for Under-21 selection.The 22-year-old, however, is not downbeat and is confident he can force his way back into Hodgson’s plans.Jenkinson, who made his one and only appearance for the senior side two years ago, said: “I feel there is an opportunity to get into that senior squad. I know I have got the ability to do it, I just have to express myself and hopefully catch Roy Hodgson’s eye.“I have done well for the Under-21s and for West Ham, so all I have to do is work hard and hopefully that call up will come in the near future.“It is a natural step from the Under-21s to the senior team. I feel like I am getting there.” Carl Jenkinson 1last_img read more

Pogba still focused as Madrid reports swirl, says Solskjaer

first_img0Shares0000Paul Pogba is staying focused on Manchester United, says Ole Gunnar Solskjaer © AFP/File / Paul ELLISMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Apr 12 – Paul Pogba is staying focused on Manchester United despite growing speculation linking him with a move to Zinedine Zidane’s Real Madrid, according to Ole Gunnar Solskjaer.The France midfielder sparked intense speculation about his future last month when suggesting Madrid were “a dream club for every player” despite declaring himself happy at Old Trafford. Pogba was outstanding in the weeks following Solskjaer’s appointment as caretaker manager in December, scoring eight goals and providing five assists in his first 10 matches under the Norwegian.However, his form has dipped since he was sent off in the first leg of United’s Champions League last-16 tie against Paris Saint-Germain in February, with no goals and just one assist in his past eight matches.Solskjaer acknowledged the possibility of Real Madrid taking an active interest in the World Cup winner and perhaps even mounting a publicity campaign to try to sign him.“There might be a campaign, there might be press, you never know what there is, but in my talks with Paul he’s always been positive,” said Solskjaer, who was given the job full-time late last month.“I don’t see a difference in him when I chat to him. He’s focused on performing and he’s a proud player. He always gives his best.”Solskjaer was pleased with the way Pogba performed as United were beaten 1-0 at home by Barcelona in the first leg of their Champions League quarter-final on Wednesday.The France international, playing in midfield alongside Fred and Scott McTominay, was credited by his manager with stabilising United after they went behind to Luke Shaw’s early own goal.“There have been different players in different periods that have made the difference,” said Solskjaer. ” It’s not just about one player. It’s not just about Paul.“But he had his highest-ever output physically on Wednesday night. He’d never run as much in a United shirt. That was brilliant. The effort and attitude is there.”– United slump –Having enjoyed a superb run of form over the first three months of Solskjaer’s reign, United have tailed off, losing four out of five games in all competitions and are sixth in the Premier League ahead of Saturday’s home match against West Ham.The manager has made clear that he and his coaching staff always knew they had a major job on their hands to revive the club on a long-term basis.Solskjaer said he only wanted players who were ready to take on that challenge, although he stopped short of suggesting that there would be a summer clearout.“We have a certain standard here,” he said. “We got a great boost, now we are in more challenging times with the results and performances.“You want to see players step up and say now ‘I want to be part of this’”.Solskjaer wants Mike Phelan to be a part of United’s rebuilding process, even though his assistant manager has not yet signed a contract to take on the role full-time, with reports that he may be in contention for the technical director’s role at Old Trafford.“I want to work with Mick Phelan and I want him to do the job he’s doing,” Solskjaer said. “Sometimes in this country, we’re more concerned about what the job title is rather than what people do.“What Mick does is more than just being an assistant manager, even if he is the assistant manager. He’s a fantastic guy to have around.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Poll: Will Darren Gough get injured tonight?

first_img Darren Gough Darren Gough is returning to cricket Thursday evening in the Cricket for Heroes charity match at the Oval.He is playing for the Help for Heroes XI along with the likes of Andrew Strauss, MS Dhoni and Graeme Swann against a Rest of the World XI featuring Brian Lara and Matthew Hayden.Goughie may be a bit rusty so the Drivetime team want to know – Will Goughie get injured tonight? 1last_img


first_imgTOURIST bosses spend small fortunes every year promoting Donegal.Yet on the new media which has rapidly taken over all of our lives (especially here at there is a wealth of simple yet stunning material which will do more for our county than any clever advert executive. This video slideshow uploaded to YouTube is stunning. Enjoy it.And we hope it doesn’t make any of our readers abroad at the moment too homesick.DDTV: VIDEO SLIDESHOW…BEAUTIFUL DONEGAL THROUGH THE LENS was last modified: September 28th, 2011 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DDTV: VIDEO SLIDESHOW…BEAUTIFUL DONEGAL THROUGH THE LENSlast_img read more

DEAL DONE! Swansea striker Borja Baston joins Malaga on season-long loan deal

first_img Borja scored just one goal for Swansea, against Arsenal in October 2016 Borja Baston has joined LaLiga side Malaga on a season-long loan deal, Swansea City have confirmed.The Spanish striker moved to Wales for a club-record £13.5m fee last summer, but endured a torrid time in the Premier League.He played only 18 league matches for the Swans and scored just one goal – netting in a 3-2 defeat at Arsenal.The 24-year-old returns to his homeland for the 2017/18 campaign, having spent all his career prior to moving to Swansea in Spain. 1last_img read more


first_imgIT’S the craze that Hollywood stars and singers just love…walking on water!And it’s creating its own waves on Lough Swilly these past few days.Paddleboarding is the favourite pastime of people like Matthew McConaughey, Ben Harper, Cindy Crawford., Rihanna, Kate Hudson and Eva Longoria. And it seems of dozens of people here in Co Donegal are loving it too!The Adventure One Surf School has been pulling in the crowds at Ratthmullan beach – a perfect location for paddleboarding.Lessons are every hour from 12 noon every day of the week.For more go to their facebook page. LEARNING TO WALK ON WATER….ON LOUGH SWILLY! was last modified: July 21st, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:LEARNING TO WALK ON WATER….ON LOUGH SWILLY!last_img read more

How Uganda Cranes players rated against Malawi

first_img Tags: AFCON 2021 QualifiersEmmanuel OkwiFahad BayoUganda Cranes Emmanuel Okwi (L) and Fahad Bayo (R) were both on target in the victory over Malawi on Sunday. (PHOTO/FUFA)LUGOGO – The Uganda Cranes registered their first victory of the AFCON 2021 Qualifying campaign on Sunday as they defeated Malawi 2-0 at Namboole.Emmanuel Okwi handed the Cranes a first half lead before Fahad Bayo sealed the contest in the second period.Victory sees Uganda move onto four points in Group B having drawn 0-0 away to Burkina Faso in their opening game.They will now take on South Sudan who were beaten by the Swallow on Sunday.Here is how the Uganda Cranes rated on Sunday night.Denis Onyango 6.0: A spectator for most of the contest but reliable whenever needed. Dived low to save Gabidinho Mhango’s effort in the second half.Nicholas Wadada 4.5: Had issues dealing with Mhango and was often caught out of position. His crosses were also wanting on the day.Joseph Ochaya 6.0: Had a good game and also assisted Okwi’s opener off a deep free kick.Murushid Jjuuko 5.0: Not at his usual best and was later taken off and replaced by Timothy Awanyi following an injury.Bevis Mugabi 5.5: Played alongside Jjuuko at center-half and was troubled by Mhango especially in the first half. However, he got stronger and better as the game went on.Khalid Aucho 4.5: Another average day in a Cranes’ shirt as he on consistently lost possession easily.Mike Azira 7.0: With Aucho struggling, it was Azira who consistently clamed things down in midfield with his composed passing.Kizito Luwagga 6.0: Had a poor first half but got his groove on in the second period, making several good runs down the right flank.Fahad Bayo 7.0: Took a while to get into the game but troubled the Malawi defence with his power and speed. Eventually, scored a debut goal in the second half.Farouk Miya 6.5: Not the Miya that Cranes’ fans crave for but he tried to make things happen. Was unfortunate not to score in the first half as his effort hit the post.Emmanuel Okwi 6.5: Opened the scoring but faded in the second half.Substitutes Timothy Awanyi 5.0: Replaced Jjuuko early in the second half and barely put a foot wrong.Allan Okello 5.0: Proved what a talent he is when he came on for Luwagga in the second half as he made several good runs, cutting in from the right.Taddeo Lwanga N.a: Had limited time on the pitch to make any sort of impact.Comments last_img read more

Can Caves Record Climate History?

first_imgMany geologists and climatologists have assumed that cave formations, forming slowly over long ages, preserve a record of climate changes.  These assumptions have been challenged by University of Texas researchers who experimented with water dripping from stalactites in a cave in Barbados.  Their work was published in GSA Bulletin.1    Climate history could be inferred if the isotopic signatures of carbon and oxygen in the stalagmites and stalactites were purely a function of their abundances in the groundwater feeding the speleothems, and if speleothem growth were also a function of flow rate.  The problem is that these isotopic signatures are not in equilibrium.  They change dynamically, and are sensitive to variations even in the physical morphology of the growing formation.  Mickler et al. found that kinetic factors, such as the shape of a dripping stalactite, and how long the water has to flow down its surface before dripping onto the stalagmite below, can produce “large kinetic isotope effects” in the measurements.  The scientists put glass plates on three stalagmites within one square meter of each other, but measured very different signatures depending on the size of the stalactite above.    Their measurements cast doubt on models in use to infer climate history.  Although they still believe that speleothem isotope measurements can still be used in such studies, they cautioned that other non-equilibrium effects must be taken into account:Speleothem records may be influenced by kinetic isotope effects such that temperature-controlled equilibrium fractionation models alone cannot adequately explain the significance of the records.  Proper interpretation of these records may require that the non-equilibrium isotope effects … be calibrated to physical conditions in the cave, such as temperature, cave PCO2, drip rates, calcite precipitation rates, stalactite geometry, and drip water chemistry.   (Emphasis added in all quotes.)They did not specify how such non-equilibrium kinetic effects might be calibrated.1Mickler, Stern and Banner, “Large kinetic isotope effects in modern speleothems,” Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 118, No. 1, pp. 65�81, doi: 10.1130/B25698.1.This study points out some important principles of interpretation in scientific studies, especially those used to infer conditions in the unobservable past.  There are usually more factors influencing a measurement than many simplistic models assume.  Consider, for instance, how the experimental apparatus itself can alter a measurement.  The authors noted that even the shape of their glass plates differed from the natural situation: “Our experiment uses flat glass plates, which may affect the stable isotope composition of calcite along the growth layer by forcing the drip water to flow across a flat surface, unlike a natural convex stalagmite,” they said.  “This likely prolongs the residence time of drip water, relative to a natural stalagmite, allowing more time for CO2 degassing and calcite precipitation.”  Though they discounted the effect of this particular influence, there could well be other influences they did not consider.  After all, previous studies working on this subject apparently did not take speleothem geometry into account.    Even putting a human being in a cave next to a stalagmite alters its environment.  A body gives off over 100 watts of heat, and alters the moisture of the atmosphere with his or her breath.  When making sensitive measurements of delicate isotopic ratios on a glass plate, how can they be sure all such influences have been calibrated, or even considered?  In addition, as they mentioned, the measurements are sensitive even to the geometry of the drip source.  Perhaps you can think of other influences that would be difficult to calibrate and easy to ignore: microbiology in the soil between the atmosphere and the cave, changes in the source of the water, the complex arrangement of cracks and channels in the cave roof, the presence of cave biota, or much more.  Consider how in recent decades a major paradigm shift in cave geology occurred when geologists began to consider the effect of bacteria on cave formation (05/10/2004).  Prior to that, they were not even thinking about it.  They were looking at geological forces alone, and had overlooked factors that turned out to have a huge effect on cave excavation processes and speleothem formation rates, leading to whole new ways of thinking about underground geology.  Meanwhile, summer-hire cave tour leaders were still regurgitating the old paradigm to the tourists.    Regardless of how comfortable these scientists feel in their conclusion that isotopic ratios can reflect climate history with some degree of reliability, they admitted that the correlation of oxygen and carbon isotopic covariations was only about 55%.  Some studies showed no correlation, or even a negative correlation.  How can they know that the anomalous studies were not the more significant for true understanding?  Does the majority rule in science?  None of these questions should suggest that field studies and careful measurement are not profitable, but before swallowing a simplistic statement in a popular-level book or TV program about how we “know” something about prehistory, remember that even the best estimates are subject to drastic revision by subsequent findings.  Even if scientists could garner accurate measurements of every “known” parameter in the present, they cannot, in principle, know the unknowns.  In addition, the further that present processes are extrapolated into the past or future, the more uncertain they become – the more subject to assumptions that cannot be tested.  This is an inherent limitation of the scientific method.  Process is not the same as certainty.  When that is admitted, it is a good thing.  More often than not, interpretations are touted as facts, and the assumptions underlying the interpretations are not disclosed.    For an interesting analysis of factors that call into question consensus views about cave formation and speleothem dating, order this DVD by Dr. Emil Silvestru, a specialist in karst geology with years of field experience: Geology and Cave Formation.  It also contains stunning photographs of some incredible crystalline wonders hidden in the darkness of these underground cathedrals (photo).(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Blazing the Path to Email Collaboration: Without all of the Buzz

first_imgTop Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Collaboration Happens: Did You Get my Email?By offering a cloud solution to deliver the files, YouSendIt was also able to track whether the recipient downloaded the file. The company currently has has about 5 million “file batches” sent per month with over 10 million downloads. On average, each file is being read by two persons on the other side and the sender is able to see which ones.This audibility provides YouSendIt users a way to close the loop and gain a deeper insight to the status of their communications. Imagine the sales person, who sends a brochure to the prospects, getting a report back for who opened it and who didn’t. It automatically separates out the interested from the others and gives an opportunity to target the next message.Email is a social application that has it’s own rules and nuances – Google reminded the world recently with the launch of Buzz that connecting email and social networks is harder than it looks. YouSendIt might be onto something. Instead of reinventing the entire social context of email, the company is focused on enhancing the existing email system as it works today. YouSendIt Adopts the EnterpriseMicrosoft Exchange has become the dominant email system in the enterprise. YouSendIt spent a lot of time working closely with Exchange and its client counterpart Outlook to bring its cloud-based attachments solution to the platform. This solution offers an approach to a gradual transition to cloud computing – one message at a time. Each message can be targeted to a person, a list of people, or an entire group of people.Individuals can respond to the message, ignore it, or mark it as Spam. It’s security and privacy model that starts as opt-out, rather than op-in. Meaning that if you get an account *anyone* can send you a message. Spammers are the single largest sender of email traffic.Email messages can include file attachments that offer a way to send a file from one computer to the user on another one.Improving the flow of attachments is part of email is that YouSendIt specializes in.Large Files Needed a HomeFor both user experience, technical infrastructure, and cost reasons many email systems cap the size of attachments they allow to pass through the gateway. Large files are routinely blocked, causing email users the challenge of figuring out another way to get them across the network. One way to think about it, is that large file attachments “real” home is not the inbox, but more rightfully the filesystem (aka My Documents). And, increasingly these files are being stored in the cloud rather than the filesystem. A diagram describing how it works shows how it creates a new channel for connecting the user to their file, while continuing to use email “as-is”. Change is in-the-air around collaboration and email. We wonder if the next generation of email going to evolve into the killer app for bringing social networking it into the enterprise. What do you think, will email ever fade away? Related Posts mike kirkwood A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Today, email is nearly as ubiquitous as the computer itself. It offers a simple process that “just works” for most users and it has become a defacto communication process for enterprises and individuals alike. YouSendIt found its place in the evolution of email by providing existing email users a solution to a common problem – sending large files. Along the way, the company has leveraged its position in cloud based solution to offer additional benefits to its users.What do we Know about EmailA few things about using email that define it as a communications tool. Tags:#cloud#cloud computing 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more