Decorated skulls will rest on an altar in Saint Mary’s Student Center Atrium this week to commemorate Dia de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, and honor loved ones who have passed away. La Fuerza, a group that celebrates Latino culture, hosted an event to decorate the skulls Monday evening in the Student Center. Senior Areli Bautista, a member of La Fuerza, said people sometimes misunderstand the holiday’s purpose. “In Mexico and other parts of the world, the Day of the Dead is a day to remember loved ones and bring cultures together,” Bautista said. “This is a day of celebration, not mourning.” Students decorated the skulls with bright colors like blue and green for the display. “By creating and decorating things like skulls with vibrant colors, rather than black, dark colors, it reminds us that the Day of the Dead is a celebration of loved ones,” Bautista said. The celebration takes place every year on Nov. 1 and 2 during the Catholic holidays of All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day. The skulls will remain on the altar in the Atrium until Friday. Bautista said Mass will be celebrated at 9 p.m. Wednesday in the Le Mans Holy Spirit Chapel. “The prayer services are for remembering loved ones that have passed and celebrating the lives they had,” she said. “That is the true meaning of Dia de los Muertos.”
In honor of President Abraham Lincoln’s birthday, Yale professor Steven Smith defended the legendary president’s “constitutional” leadership style at the “Lincoln’s Constitution” lecture Tuesday. “There is virtual consensus that Abraham Lincoln was an exemplary leader, but there are lessons to be drawn on his style of leadership,” Smith said. Smith, who published an anthology of Lincoln’s writings in 2012, said the self-constraint Lincoln exercised specifically with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the outlawing of secession exemplify his constitutional leadership. “Lincoln’s distinctive style of leadership can be usefully contrasted with three others,” Smith said. These three models, he said, are Machiavellian leadership, charismatic leadership and progressive leadership. Smith said Machiavellian leaders are realistic, pragmatic and willing to do what it takes to get a job done and earn praise from the people. “A Machiavellian leader must value glory, fame and honor above all else,” he said. The second model, charismatic leadership, is associated with German leader Max Weber, Smith said. This faith-based model prizes passionate leaders who maintain a sense of responsibility. Smith said the progressive model of leadership requires a leader to go beyond the law and above politics to lead a people. “The idea that politics should be removed from the messy process of democracy and become a science has been embraced by progressives,” he said. Although Lincoln embodied some qualities of each of the three models, Smith said his constitutional leadership style differs from other leadership models. Lincoln wrestled with the problems posed by the limitation of powers constitutional leadership inevitably brought, Smith said, which he summarized by quoting a July 4, 1861, speech by the President. “‘Must a government, of necessity, be too strong for the liberties of its own people, or too weak to maintain its own existence?’” Smith said. This quote represents Lincoln as a constitutional leader who valued the letter of the law above his own beliefs and believed government must fulfill the function of protecting each person’s right to use or misuse their freedom as they see fit, Smith said. Though Lincoln is known for extraordinary use of his powers during wartime, including the suspension of habeas corpus, censorship of the press and delivery of the Emancipation Proclamation, Smith said the president was merely doing what was necessary to help the nation during an extremely trying period. “Constitutional government is bound government,” Smith said. “Lincoln rejected the idea that politics is the domain of following one’s own private, moral commitments. He always submitted his commitments to the priority of law.” Above all, Smith said constitutional governance necessitates devotion to the law, a commitment Lincoln realized fully as president. “It is important that leaders understand the importance of invoking the Constitution and showing the constitutional authority for what they are doing in even the most radical moments,” Smith said. “We often forget that we have to have the Constitution behind us.” Contact Meg Handelman at [email protected]
AT&T Indiana recently made a $10,000 donation to the Robinson Community Learning Center to cultivate a sense of entrepreneurial spirit in South Bend area youth. The contribution comes from the AT&T Aspire Program, which donates money to various organizations that help students prepare for college and future careers. According to an AT&T press release, the Aspire Program has committed $350 million to programs around the country. The Center works with local middle and high school students, providing them with opportunities for exposure to various business facets. Jennifer Knapp Beudert, manager of the Robinson Learning Center, said part of the Center’s mission is to work to develop the professional ability of community children. “We’ve been working with youth in the community to teach entrepreneurial concepts such as idea generation, problem solving, how to write a business plan and public speaking,” Beudert said. These students work with mentors from the Gigot Center for Entrepreneurial Studies at the Mendoza College of Business, who help turn ideas into business plans. Some of these plans become a reality, and Beudert said the Robinson Center hopes this monetary donation will further benefit students who recognize the importance of creative thinking. “Providing opportunities for tomorrow’s leaders to acquire skills that will contribute to their future success is one of the best investments any company can make,” said Beudert in an AT&T press release. George S. Fleetwood, president of AT&T Indiana, said his company is invested in the area. “We’re dedicated to the communities we serve, and I’m very proud to be part of a company that gives back like we do,” Fleetwood said. AT&T started the Aspire program in 2008 to cultivate growth today’s youth. “Since 2008 the major thrust of our foundation’s giving has been on high school retention, graduation rates and preparedness for the workforce,” Fleetwood said. This is the second donation AT&T has made to the Robinson Center. “AT&T has long been a supporter of the Robinson Center and the University of Notre Dame and we appreciate their partnership in our efforts to develop the next generation of young entrepreneurs,” Beudert said in the release. Fleetwood said he prioritizes a sense of purpose in young people and the prospect of their future. “The youth of our community are our most precious resource,” Fleetwood said in the release. “The young entrepreneurs of today will develop into the business leaders that companies like AT&T will look to for leadership in the future.” The partnership between the two organizations culminates in the “Summer Biz Camp” and an Entrepreneurship class, according to the AT&T press release.
Theoretical particle physicist Patrick Fox from Fermilab served as the keynote speaker for a physics department colloquium that focused on evidence for dark matter’s existence and the means by which the scientific community could learn more about its properties in the future.“I’m a theorist in particular,” Fox said. “I am beyond the standard model theorist, so my day-to-day job is to think up extensions of the standard model that experiments can look for, or if experimenters have seen things that don’t make sense, I can try to interpret it and build models that explain those observations.”Fox said the standard model remains a powerful tool that explains most natural phenomena by defining the elementary particles of matter, but it is far from perfect or all-encompassing. Although this model explains things observed at the sub-nuclear level, Fox said these particles should all be massless, a very different world from the one present.Emmet Farnan | The Observer “There’s an explanation for that problem,” he said. “There’s a particle that is responsible for giving the other particles their mass, and that is the Higgs-Boson particle. The Higgs Boson was the last piece of the Standard Model to be discovered, and with it’s discovery, all the phenomenon in the natural world could seemingly be explained.”Even after the discovery of the Higgs-Boson particle, Fox said a lot of exciting physics remains to be done, such as research on the mysterious dark sector.“We like to think we’re doing a good job of explaining the phenomenon that can be observed,” he said. “It turns out, once you dig into it, that we can only explain roughly 5 percent of everything.“This other 95 percent is broken up into two categories. There’s stuff that behaves with respect to gravity just like the matter that makes up you and me, known as dark matter, and then there’s dark energy, which is very different than matter and dark matter in that it is not affected by gravity. Dark energy is what’s responsible for the expansion of the universe speeding up.”Fox said the explanation for dark matter’s mysterious name is intuitive in comparison to the rest of the dark sector.“Dark matter gravitates and attracts matter in the same way that you or I do, but more importantly, they don’t feel the affects of photons,” he said. “Light does not reflect off them, and dark matter and photons do not interact.”Although dark matter certainly exists, Fox said modern physicists still have questions to answer.“We know that everyone in this room is made out of matter and not antimatter, but the laws that govern the standard model are symmetric,” he said. “If you replaced everything in this room with antimatter, it would behave in exactly the same way. We don’t know why there’s only matter inside us and zero antimatter.”The evidence for and against explanations of dark matter can be confusing, and Fox said this means it’s time to start working to make the evidence more consistent.“Dark matter is one thing we know for sure that is not explained by the standard model, but we know for sure it’s out there,” he said. “We don’t know more than that, but we have some good ideas that we are working on to try and squeeze all the information out of all the avenues of attack that we have.“There have been a lot of recent advances both on the theoretical front and the experimental front. The coming decade will be a very exciting time for particle physics.”Tags: dark matter, Fermilab, Higgs-Boson, Patrick Fox, physics colloquium
Wednesday night in Ryan Hall, Dr. Katie Cavadini, assistant chair to the department of theology at Notre Dame, drew on her personal experiences with anorexia and talked with students about eating disorders and the role faith can play in healing victims in an event titled “Created in God’s Image: Faith and Friendship’s Role in an Eating Disorder.”“The title of this evening’s event is a summary of Genesis 1:26 — an ancient verse where we encounter an enduring statement about humankind,” Cavadini said. “We are God’s creation. We are made in his likeness. So let’s begin while considering this idea.”Cavadini said her experience with eating disorders began during her career as a competitive swimmer early in her teen years.”When I was just 13, or probably 12, I [began] to develop, slowly, little by little, an eating disorder,” she said. “Each day, I would make a small sacrifice of a little food. But those sacrifices slowly grew into rather serious foregoings. Why? Well, all for something Notre Dame is not very unfamiliar with — the desire for athletic glory.“I was an excellent young swimmer, and I absolutely loved that about myself. And the fact that my coach was convinced that I was a young Olympian in the making helped convince me that [swimming] was the center of my everything. This, of course would require sacrifices.”Dr. Cavadini said she was content with her harmful lifestyle and doing whatever it took to fulfill her potential as a swimmer. She said she felt her success was completely determined by the scale, even if she wasn’t aware of the reality of what was happening to her.“I remember my mother imploring me one day, ‘Katie, don’t disappear.’” Cavadini said. “I remember how uncomfortable it was to sleep […] and I wondered why was my mattress felt like it was filled with rocks? I finally realized the only rocks in my bed were my own bones.”Before letting students discuss their own experiences, questions and thoughts on eating disorders, Cavadini finished by saying she called on religious teachings and values to help her recover after receiving crucial support from her parents.“My parents tried many, many, many, times. How do you teach something one cannot actually see? How do you ask someone to admit their sense of reality is not actually real or true?” Cavadini said. “Little by little, I’d say. You’d correct your vision little by little. Slowly opening up a vision founded upon gratitude.“Here, we can turn to, I think, one of the greatest little things of our time … [the teachings of St.] Therese de Lisieux — the sanctification of each day, each act, and doing every tedious little thing in our daily life for God. This way is to train oneself to remain always aware of the one true reality of appreciating creation. … In retrospect, this was the way my parents worked on me. Little by little.”
After nearly two months of campaigning, South Bend mayor Pete Buttigieg dropped his bid to be the chair of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) on Saturday afternoon just minutes before the vote. He did not publicly endorse another candidate.Former U.S. Secretary of Labor Tom Perez went on to defeat Rep. Keith Ellison (D-Minn.) to lead the DNC.Nan Whaley, the mayor of Dayton, had formally nominated Buttigieg just moments before he dropped his bid. “It’s time for the party that I step aside,” Buttigieg said in a short speech to DNC members. Perez, who had been a front-runner for the duration of the race, issued a statement immediately after Buttigieg’s announcement. “I am confident Pete has a bright future ahead of him in the Democratic Party, and I plan to work with him to make that future a reality,” he said in the statement. Fifth-year Bryan Ricketts, one of the 15 to 20 students from Notre Dame who were involved in working on Buttigieg’s campaign, said he was still expecting great things from Buttigieg.“I’m happy to see Pete carry on his message of being a happy warrior, continuing to do great things in our community and organize around the principles of the Democratic party,” he said. “I look forward to seeing what comes next.”Andrew Galo, a senior who worked on Buttigieg’s campaign, said that while he was “disappointed” by Buttigieg’s loss, he was looking forward to the future.“We’re excited about [Buttigieg’s] prospects, and we’re excited to have him back in South Bend,” he said. “We’re glad he’s on the national stage now … he has a good base and a good party to push forward in the next four years.” Tags: DNC chair, DNC race, Pete Buttigieg
Claire Rafford | The Observer An altar, or ofrenda, for Dia De Los Muertos sits in the Notre Dame Our Mother Chapel in the Coleman-Morse Center.Castillo, a Day of the Dead committee member, said that common misconceptions about this celebration are that it is not compatible with the Catholic faith or that it is an extension of Halloween.“It is very much accepted in the Catholic faith as this is one big tradition that should be celebrated because it highlights the intersection of faith and culture,” Castillo said. “Nobody wants to think about what happens after they die. But a lot of this is really taking that head on. So much of it is the action of literally laughing at death. The celebration does have a certain amount of reverence to it, and so much of it especially involves prayer for deceased loved ones, but at the same time it is meant to be joyful because it is a celebration of hope. It ties into the distinct Catholic belief that when souls die they go to heaven.”Day of the Dead celebrations involve putting up brightly colored personalized ofrendas for loved ones that have passed, and generally celebrating loved ones that have died. It typically begins Oct. 31, and continues until Nov. 2. There will be a procession from Cedar Grove Cemetery on Notre Dame Avenue to the Basilica on Friday at 8:15 p.m. for a prayer service followed by a reception and celebration in Coleman-Morse Center.Junior Kathy Casillas, vice president of the Latino Student Alliance, said typically the group puts up altars in the Latino Institute, but this year Campus Ministry has gotten more involved. In light of that, the altars have been set up in both the Institute and the Basilica.“Anyone can participate, it’s not even exclusively Catholic,” Casillas said. “That’s the idea behind putting it in the Basilica and the Institute. … It’s supposed to kind of get people aware and share that part of it.”This year Castillo and Campus Ministry are also working to put ofrendas up in more dorms around campus in hopes to make the dorms a more familiar place to live for students. Ofrendas are currently in 18 dorms, which is an increase of eights dorms from last year.“I believe they had just announced the required three years housing policy for incoming students,” Castillo said. “I remember a lot of people being upset, and a lot of the concern was for minority students and making them feel more at home in the dorms. So, instead of getting upset and angry, like I saw so many other people doing, I was like, okay, well why don’t you just take the first step in trying to make just one thing maybe a little bit familiar to a small section of students. And so that was my main thought in this, aside from the fact that this is a tradition that really does fall right into the Notre Dame community.”Both Casillas and Castillo said Day of the Dead is not a sad occasion; it’s an opportunity to celebrate the lives of those we have lost.“It’s important to celebrate it because oftentimes when we think about like people that have died, it’s a really sad thought,” Casillas said. “Day of the Dead isn’t really about being sad about losing someone. It’s about being happy that they lived.”Castillo questioned why the topic of death is so taboo, especially concerning Day of the Dead.“Why should you be afraid to die? If you have faith and you have it, you’re going to go to heaven,” Castillo said. “I grew up with my mother saying that you never say you’re afraid to die because you have faith in that means. So that’s mainly what this is. It’s a big celebration of hope, and that’s where all of the colors come from. That’s why none of this is meant to be sad.”Tags: Campus Ministry, day of the dead, Dia de los Muertos When junior Cecily Castillo arrived at Notre Dame her freshman year, she found one thing absent from campus culture were celebrations of Dia de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead. So, during her sophomore year, she went to Campus Ministry to ask why there were only a few Day of the Dead celebrations on campus.“I asked, ‘Why is it that during my freshman year there were only two or three ofrendas [meaning ‘offerings’ in Spanish] on campus?’” Castillo said. “It didn’t feel as much as an open invitation for anyone to place their own things there. I know that that was definitely not intentional, but I remember feeling that way, especially it being my first year having not having that.”
Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Image by Jamestown Public Schools.JAMESTOWN – Jamestown’s Ring Elementary School spent time last week spreading love, kindness and awareness of the importance of mental health.On Friday, school officials teamed up with the Community Alliance for Suicide, Family Services of the Chautauqua Region and Chautauqua Tapestry for its annual ‘I Love You Day.’During the event, candies were handed out with notes attached to families dropping their children off at school, as well as information from the Community Alliance for Suicide Prevention.Students received stickers and purple bracelets and necklaces to commemorate the event. There was also an all-school assembly. “We love partnering with the Community Alliance for Suicide Prevention, Family Services and Chautauqua Tapestry on P.S. I Love You Day. Each year, we get bigger and bigger,” said teacher Samantha Hasbrouck, who coordinated the event. “In addition to the day, we also have a school-wide kindness challenge and a ‘share your story’ read aloud with activities. At the elementary school level, we focus on bullying prevention and the importance of being kind every day.”Additionally, a community social worker from Chautauqua Tapestry visited third and fourth grade classrooms to talk about bullying versus teasing and kindness.This is the seventh year the school has held the ‘I Love You Day’ event.Anyone struggling with mental health crisis should call the Chautauqua County Crisis Hotline Number at 1-800-724-0461.
Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) WNY News Now / MGN Stock Image.JAMESTOWN – Additional cases of COVID-19 were reported in Chautauqua County on Monday.The County Health Department says two new cases, the first a woman in her 20s and the second a man in his 70s, were reported.There are now 18 active cases, with 65 recovered, four previously reported deaths and 87 total.Ttwo patients are hospitalized due to COVID-19 in Chautauqua County, that up one from Sunday. Officials note that the number hospitalized is regardless of residency.
Image via New York State Police.ELLICOTT – A City of Jamestown man was killed early Sunday morning after police said he crashed the car he was driving off the I-86 eastbound on-ramp at Jamestown’s exit 12.New York State Police Captain Eric Balon says a preliminary investigation determined that Jeffrey Baker, 40, driving a 2003 Pontiac Vibe, was traveling at a high rate of speed when he exited the shoulder.Police say the vehicle then traveled down an embankment, rolling and coming to rest on its side.Balon says a passing motorist observed lights down the embankment and called it in at 5:06 a.m., however, there were no identified witnesses of the crash. He says it appears that the vehicle was off the roadway for a while before it was discovered.The Fluvanna Fire Department, Falconer Fire Department and Chautauqua County Emergency Services were dispatched to the scene just before 5:15 a.m. for a possible vehicle in the weeds near the Comfort Inn. The county coroner was later called to the scene as well.Image via New York State Police.Troopers say Baker was the operator and sole occupant of the vehicle and was still in his seatbelt when found by rescue crews.Police said Baker did not have his ID on him, but was later identified.His body was extricated from the vehicle and sent to the Erie County Medical Examiner’s Office for autopsy. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)