Here’s a personal quirk: I like start-up businesses. I particularly like start-up media businesses.So you will have to forgive me when I tell you that tears welled up in my eyes at precisely 7pm on 1 June 2008. It was a great day. South Africa’s first independent 24-hour news channel, eNews Channel, went live on air – and I was lucky enough to be there to witness and participate in it.Veteran broadcaster Jeremy Maggs, cool as a cucumber and smooth like no one’s business, said the first few words. Then the pack of journalists and technical staff holding their breaths in the background stood up in unison and applauded. Once again, brave business and media people had stuck their toes into uncharted waters and launched yet another news outlet.Something happens when a new newspaper, magazine, website or television channel is launched. It is a bit like a child being born. We hold our breaths. We wait for that first edition or that first broadcast and pray for all of it to go well.It rarely ever does. With newspapers, the printed edition comes back with spelling errors and wonky design. With radio and television, presenters fluff their lines and there are silences on air as transmitters skip a beat or two. Editors shout and young rookies think their careers are finished.But one thing that stays with me about these media start-ups is this: I can feel the weight and importance of the fact that a new voice is being added to our society. Every time some brave soul launches yet another media business, I feel like the foundations of our democracy are being dug even deeper into this country’s soil.It is often said that many democracies take their freedom for granted. South Africa is fortunate that it has so many media outlets who are free to speak their minds on any and all issues. Nothing is off the agenda. Politicians are criticized, businessmen kept on their toes and ordinary citizens shown the errors of their ways – or the exemplary nature of their deeds.It is all thanks to the vibrancy of the media. It is all thanks to the fact that from John Tengo Jabavu, who founded Imvo Zabantsundu (“Black Opinion”) in the late 1800s, we have been starting newspapers, failing at it and starting them all over again.In 1985, a century after Jabavu founded Imvo to speak up against colonialism, the Mail and Guardian was founded by young journalists to stand up against and expose apartheid’s atrocities. Along with it was the New Nation and other, smaller but equally feisty magazines and small journals printed by night. It is worth remembering today that it was exactly these newspapers who were at the forefront of exposing the worst of apartheid South Africa’s atrocities and bringing down the National Party government.I think the vibrancy that started with Jabavu and others way back then exists and continues today. I have lived through several births and deaths of newspapers and magazines, and still feel the elation and the dejection acutely.Information is the bedrock of a democracy. Without an informed citizenry, without the free flow and exchange of ideas, democracies flounder and die. A democracy is only as good as the number of people in it who are informed and have the ability and choice to contest ideas.It is a measure of South Africa’s maturity and sophistication as a democracy that there are so many news outlets in the country. A plethora of newspapers exists both at the top end of the market and at the tabloid level.Only recently, in a market that many did not believe could sustain another newspaper, the Sunday Times launched a daily version called The Times. A year down the line, it is healthy and gaining momentum. In KwaZulu Natal, an isiZulu-language newspaper called Isolezwe continues to grow in leaps and bounds.The launch of eNews Channel is only a beginning of the activity in television. New pay-television licensees including Telkom Media and ODM are working feverishly to launch new bouquets to take on the market leader, Multichoice, which already has more than 170 channels.And the blogosphere. Well, if you want to get angry, happy and everything else in between, read the South African blogosphere. Young and old alike are blogging on everything from fashion to politics to business to golf. And with broadband access being rolled out fast, we are set to see more activity as fast internet connections increase.We are a fortunate country to have all these. If there are any doubts about the strength of South Africa’s democracy, one need only look at the competitiveness and vibrancy of the South African media landscape.It is a place to make you smile.Justice Malala is an award-winning former newspaper editor, and is now general manager of Avusa’s stable of 56 magazines. He writes weekly columns for The Times newspaper and Financial Mail magazine, as well as a monthly media and politics column for Empire magazine. He is the resident political analyst for independent television channel e.tv and has consulted extensively for financial institutions on South African political risk. Malala was also an executive producer on Hard Copy I and II, a ground-breaking television series on SABC 3. Hard Copy I won the Golden Horn Award for best television series. Malala’s work has been published internationally in the Wall Street Journal, The Guardian, Financial Times, The Independent, Forbes, Institutional Investor, The Age and The Observer.
5 September 2011 The wholesale price of illuminating paraffin will drop by two cents a litre. The average Rand/US Dollar exchange rate, however, weakened when compared to the previous period. The price of diesel with a 0.05 percent sulphur content and the price of diesel with a 0.005 percent sulphur content will both remain unchanged. The single maximum national retail price for illuminating paraffin will decrease by three cents a litre. The retail price of all grades of petrol will increase by nine cents a litre on Wednesday, the Department of Energy said on Friday. During the period 29 July 2011 to 1 September 2011, the average international product prices of petrol, diesel and illuminating paraffin decreased, the Department added. “The average Rand/US Dollar exchange rate for the period 29 July 2011 to 2 September 2011 was 7.0590 compared to 6.8353 during the previous period. “The deterioration of the rand against the US dollar increased the contribution to the basic fuel price by about 20 cents a litre,” the Department said. Sapa
18 November 2013European aircraft manufacturer Airbus has contracted South African aerospace company Aerosud to produce the fuselage linings, cockpit linings, galleys and wing tips for the full lifespan of its A400M military transport aircraft programme.According to IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, Aerosud – which also supplies parts for Airbus’s A320 family of aircraft and A350XWB long-haul airliner – won the contract in open tender against a number of bidders from other countries.Airbus delivered the first of a batch of 50 A400M military transport planes to the French Air Force in October. South Africa is one of a number countries working on the A400M programme.“I am happy to re-affirm Airbus’ commitment to South Africa and its aerospace industry,” Airbus vice-president for international co-operation Simon Ward said at a media briefing to announce the contract in Pretoria on Friday.“Today Airbus-related work is the main contributor to the sector by value, and probably by volume in terms of the sheer number of parts manufactured here for our programmes. We have contracted work with local industry worth about R4-billion. Last year alone, the value of Airbus-related manufacturing in South Africa was worth around R350-million.”Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies, also speaking at Friday’s briefing, said the awarding of the contract demonstrated South Africa’s capacity for advanced manufacturing, and indicated growing international confidence in the country’s aerospace industry.“The aerospace industry is a strategic one, one characterised by significant levels of value-addition and technology intensity,” Davies said. “Because the global industry is heavily concentrated with complex supply chains in which suppliers have to meet the highest global standards, it is safe to state that it’s not a small achievement for a South African company to have become part of this supply chain.”Davies said the contract would provide sustained work, high-tech jobs and export revenues for South Africa, adding that successful military transport aircraft programmes tended historically to run for over 50 years.Aerosud has benefited from the Department of Trade and Industry’s (DTI’s) Aerospace Industry Support Initiative (AISI), which helps local aerospace companies to meet international standards, develop and commercialise new technologies, and gain international exposure.Davies said the DTI had, through the AISI and the National Aerospace Centre programme, provided industry investment and skills development support worth R27-million to 169 organizations in 2012.He added that Aerosud had shown how a close working relationship between the government and business was possible and sometimes necessary for companies to succeed in a highly competitive global marketplace.“The lessons from this success should and must be used to support other companies, including black-owned companies, as part of government’s overall efforts to transform the economy and support black economic empowerment.”SAinfo reporter
Adding the Crop Effect to a ClipAdding the crop effect is as simple as dragging “Crop” from the Effects panel onto your clip. From there, you’ll have the ability to add the crop using the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom parameters. These parameters are also animatable, so if you want a crop to creep in, you can set some keyframes to slip a crop into your clip.If you’re looking for more precision, there’s a more customizable way to do it. Create an adjustment layer and place it over your clip. Add the Crop Effect to the adjustment layer and perform your cropping from there. This gives you a lot more control over the placement of your clip. You can adjust the placement of your clip with the position tools to use in conjunction with the crop tool.Adding a Cinematic TouchSo, to start, you can use the crop tool to add the classic cinematic widescreen bars to the top and bottom of your image. This’ll give you that letterbox, widescreen feel. To apply this effect to your entire edit, add an adjustment layer first, then move the clips around, fitting the new aspect ratio however you like.Use the Effect with TextThe crop tool can be an extremely stylish way to animate your text. All you need to do is apply the effect to your title and change the position, set your keyframes, and reveal the text at whatever speed fits the current style you’re trying to convey. It’s a fast way to add a touch of production value and flare to your project, if you want to add some movement to your titles and text.Create a Split ScreenThe next obvious effect you can throw on is the split screen. This is as simple as placing two clips on top of each other, then going over to the Effects Control Panel and moving the clip’s position, accordingly, to fit the center of the frame for each shot. If you want to move the clip over in a smooth way, right-click on the keyframe, hit “Temporal Interpolation,” and hit “Ease In” or “Ease Out.” This’ll smooth out the overall animation.Add Spicy TransitionsThe crop tool can turn your transitions into fun, fast-moving movements with a couple of simple keyframe placements. First, make sure the upcoming clip is atop the tail end of your current clip. Then, add the crop effect to both clips. For the bottom clip, enable the zoom (in the crop effect), then raise the bottom by about fifteen percent, with your keyframes set toward the end of the clip. This’ll stretch out the video downwards. Then, for the top clip, animate the bottom from one-hundred percent to zero percent. This’ll bring the clip down, following the first clip.Reveal Your EffectsSo, this effect is perfect for anybody doing breakdowns of their color grades, effects, shot compositions, or any type of tutorial-based instruction. Basically, however many effects you have applied to your clip, you’ll duplicate the clip X number of times. So, if you have four effects, you’ll make four new clips, and they’ll have all the effects applied to them. Then, take one effect off each clip, starting from the top. Your original clip should have no effects applied. Apply the crop effect to each clip and animate any property from one-hundred to zero, which will cause it to reveal itself. Finally, copy and duplicate the setting on each clip, and trim it down so your timeline looks like a staircase. This’ll slowly reveal all of the effects you’ve applied.Unfortunately, the Crop tool will only allow you to create a reveal with either a straight vertical or horizontal line. If you want to add a diagonal reveal, that’s where you’ll be having to work with masks within Premiere or After Effects.Blending Clips TogetherIf you’re looking to blend multiple shots that have been shot in the same placement, the crop tool is where you’ll bring them all together. Just take your multiple shots and place them on top of each other in your timeline. Apply the crop effect to all of them. From there, all you have to do is just crop each individual layer into the sections that they need to display, and add a feather to the edge (inside the crop tool), so they blend together nicely. For more info about how to shoot this style of video, check out Jason Boone’s video about the crop tool.This post was originally published in June, 2018. It has been updated to reflect changes in the industry.Cover image via Cinecom.net.Looking for more Premiere Pro tips? Check these out:How to Use Light Leaks to Create Text Reveals in PremiereHow to Export Illustrator Icons to Use in After Effects and Premiere ProHow to Use the Free GoPro VR Effects in Premiere ProHow to Create Digital Zooms with 4K Footage in Premiere ProNew 360 Video effects in After Effects and Premiere Pro CC 2018 Here are six ways the crop effect in Adobe Premiere Pro will improve your filmmaking workflow — and yield more satisfying results.If you want to be proficient in Adobe Premiere, you’ve got to familiarize yourself with the key effects you’ll be using every day. One of these effects is the crop tool — an extremely important tool in a video editor’s toolkit.In this video, Cinecom.net demonstrates the many ways this simple tool can help you play with multiple images at once, give your video a more cinematic feel, and enhance the flow of your video. Let’s take a look.
Rail services resume in Kashmir Valley The railways has significantly increased the frequency of trains in Kashmir from Friday and extended daily run-time to allow more passengers to use the service, officials said here.There will be 14 train services on Friday and 16 services daily from Saturday onwards between various stations on the railway line in Kashmir, they said.Due to the demand of commuters, the railways increased the frequency of trains and also extended the timing of the service between different stations on the Baramulla-Banihal railway line, the officials said.The rail service was partially resumed in Kashmir — between Baramulla and Srinagar — on November 12 and later fully on November 17. Also Read The service was resumed over three months after it was suspended on August 3 due to security reasons. The move came days before the Centre announced its decision to abrogate provisions of Article 370 and to bifurcate Jammu and Kashmir into Union territories.After it was resumed, the railways said there would be only two services of the train every day and the timing would be from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. due to security considerations.They said the now timing of the train service has been extended as well and the first service will start at 8.30 a.m. and the trains would be operated till 5 p.m.This would benefit the people and allow more commuters to use the service, the officials said.
Ireland 16-9 New Zealand: rugby union international – as it happened Scotland came up short with the lineout drive that followed that kick, and were second best at the breakdown too, yet Gregor Townsend did not have to look too far to find many positive elements of the afternoon. “It is a part of the team’s evolution,” he said. “It would be nice to win every game you play and you retire with a 100% record, but there are going to be games where not everything goes well for you. It’s about how you adapt.“We adapted very well today. We went behind on the scoreboard but found a way to get in behind and outside that defence which was flying up on the line, big men on our players. We scored a cracking try, got level at 20-20, were forcing penalties and pressure which was encouraging.”The speed of the South Africans’ blitz defence rocked Scotland early on and their attack was just as devastating, as they showed with the opening score after six minutes, started off by Pollard and finished by Jesse Kriel. The Scots soon displayed their own creative powers, with two excellent backhanded offloads in quick succession by Huw Jones leading to Horne opening their account with a try to which Laidlaw added the conversion.That try showcased Jones’s value in attack but his susceptibility was evident when he was turned over, allowing Kolisi to spark a move which ended with Pollard gliding between Ryan Wilson and Sean Maitland to score his team’s second try. Share on Messenger Read more The stand-off converted, and soon added a penalty to stretch the lead to 10 points. Laidlaw then reduced that to seven with a penalty after the defence had strayed offside, and then Hamish Watson scored from a lineout after a Stuart Hogg break. Again, Laidlaw converted to draw the teams level but a Pollard penalty restored what was a deserved lead for the Springboks a couple of minutes before the break.Both sides tired in the second half, with Scotland scoring only once, after Le Roux was given a yellow card. Pollard replied within minutes to that score, then substitute Elton Jantjies added another three points 10 minutes from time. Scotland had a late chance to set up a try-scoring position but the Springboks forwards stood firm. Scotland rugby union team The Observer Share on WhatsApp match reports Autumn internationals Share on Twitter Wales’ Liam Williams helps turn scramble into a frolic against Tonga In a fiercely fought but relatively clean Test match, an apparent head-on-head contact by Siya Kolisi on Peter Horne after half an hour went unnoticed by Romain Poite. “I really haven’t seen it,” Rassie Erasmus, South Africa’s coach, said. “I’m pretty sure the citing commissioner will do his job there.”If that decision went in South Africa’s favour, it was offset by the second-half yellow card for Willie le Roux after what appeared to be a genuine interception attempt rather than the deliberate knock-on that the referee deemed it to be. The Springboks had led by only three points at half-time but Scotland had expended a phenomenal amount of energy merely to stay in touch, and that told after the break as Pollard calmly orchestrated the game.From the home team’s point of view, the one incident that might have swayed the match in their favour late in the second 40 came when Greig Laidlaw, a normally impeccable place-kicker, opted to send a penalty to touch rather than go for goal. Scotland were only three points behind at that point but the captain later backed his decision.“In hindsight it’s easy,” Laidlaw said. “I thought about kicking the points. The two previous mauls probably pushed us into the decision to go for the corner. I’ll always be aggressive in that aspect – I back the team and I back myself.” Topics Share via Email … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay. Whether we are up close or further away, the Guardian brings our readers a global perspective on the most critical issues of our lifetimes – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. We believe complex stories need context in order for us to truly understand them. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Scotland’s hopes of a first win against the Springboks in eight years were alive right until the last seconds of an engrossing encounter but in the end South African power and precision prevailed. The teams scored two tries apiece but the visiting side were never behind, and in Handré Pollard they had the game’s dominant figure.The stand-off scored a try and added 13 points with the boot, and while his accuracy and decision-making were the factors that most obviously gave his team the edge, the Springboks’ greater physicality weighed more heavily on the contest the longer the game went on. South Africa rugby team Read more Share on LinkedIn Share on Facebook Since you’re here… Reuse this content Sign up to the Breakdown for the latest rugby union news Support The Guardian Share on Pinterest Rugby union Read more
Henderson denies Liverpool favourites for UCLby Ansser Sadiqa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool captain Jordan Henderson does not see his side as being the favourites to win the Champions League.The Reds are defending their European crown, which only Real Madrid has managed in recent memory.While they are still blessed with an incredibly talented squad, Henderson does not see them as being the de facto favourites.Henderson said the following to the club’s official website: “I think it’s too early to be saying stuff like that. “For us, we’ve started the season really well and we just want to continue that on. “We still feel we can improve and still get better, so that’s what we try to do tomorrow night, try to give everything and start the campaign off really well. On Tuesday’s first Champions League clash of the season against Napoli, the Englishman added: “Maybe [we are favourites], but I feel as though being at Liverpool, everybody wants to beat you anyway. It’s the same for us – we want to beat everybody we play, they want to beat us.”For us, it’s the same as it always has been – to give everything in every single game we play. “We know that it’ll be a tough game tomorrow, they’re a great side but we’ve got to concentrate on what we can do. If we can perform to the level I know we can then we have a good opportunity to win the game.” About the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your say
TORONTO – Licensed marijuana producer Aphria Inc. dug in its heels Tuesday, determined to remain on the Toronto Stock Exchange despite a warning from the group that operates the index that pot firms with U.S. exposure could face delisting.Shares of Aphria (TSX:APH), which expanded into Florida in April, closed 13 per cent lower on Tuesday at $6.86, a day after the TMX Group issued a notice that U.S. federal laws which state that marijuana is an illicit Schedule 1 controlled substance take precedence over state laws.Canada’s biggest exchange operator warned companies that operate in states where it is legal that they are not complying with its listing requirements and could face removal from the exchange when it wraps a review at the end of the year.Aphria’s chief executive Vic Neufeld, who has maintained that the TMX was aware of its plans to invest in the U.S., said Tuesday the exchange operator’s notice blindsided his company.“This is very irresponsible of the TSX,” he said in an interview.“How in the world are they going to adjudicate and apply a very broad statement like that?”The news came as the Leamington, Ont.-based company started a previously arranged bought-deal financing agreement to raise $80 million, issuing more than 11 million shares at a price of $7.25 per share with an additional option for 1.6 million shares — about five per cent higher than what it was publicly trading for Tuesday.Yet, Neufeld said he has no intention of moving to the smaller marijuana stock-friendly Canadian Securities Exchange even after the Canadian Securities Administrators on Monday issued guidance essentially gave the green light to allow it to continue to house cross-border marijuana companies as long as the listers disclosure certain risks when investing south of the border due to conflicting state and federal laws.“It’s not our preferred option, obviously not. We want to stay on the big board,” Neufeld said. He added that he aims to start a dialogue with the TMX Group to find a “win-win” solution, and has no plans to walk away from their U.S. ambitions.Neufeld said Tuesday that if it cannot reach a compromise with the TMX, there are some other options at its disposal, including a spin-off of its U.S. activities to be listed on the CSE.However, he viewed the TSX notice yesterday as a “door opener” to a conversation, with the hopes of a solution by the end of the year.The duelling messages from the TMX Group and the CSA late Monday triggered a sector-wide selloff on Tuesday, with shares of Canopy Growth down as much as nine per cent, and Emblem Cannabis Corp. shares down as much as 16 per cent before bouncing back slightly later in the day.However, the grey area creates an opportunity for the alternative CSE to ramp up its status as the main access point to Canadian capital markets for cannabis-based companies with U.S. interests.CSE chief executive Richard Carleton said of the 50 or so cannabis-based businesses listed on their exchange, there are about a dozen with U.S. exposure that account for roughly 10 per cent of the trading activity.“It’s quite likely that we’ll see more companies access Canadian public capital markets through us as a result,” he said in an interview Tuesday.Meanwhile, Canopy Growth Corp. (TSX:WEED), Aphria’s main rival that does not have U.S. interests, praised the move, calling it a step in the right direction.“We take our responsibility to our shareholders seriously and as such have chosen to conduct business in jurisdictions where it is federally legal to do so,” Canopy chairman and chief executive Bruce Linton said.Linton added that he believes the CSA’s stance that companies can violate U.S. federal laws regarding marijuana provided that they simply disclose it is “completely ludicrous and no person in Canada would think that’s practical or logical.”– with files from David Hodges in Toronto
HYDERABAD, India – Authorities in the southern Indian city of Hyderabad are rounding up beggars ahead of a visit by Ivanka Trump for an international conference.Over the past week, more than 200 beggars have been transported to separate male and female shelter homes located on the grounds of two city prisons. Authorities have been strictly enforcing a begging ban on the city’s streets and in other public places.The crackdown seems to be having the desired effect, with most of Hyderabad’s thousands of beggars vanishing from sight.Trump is a senior adviser to her father, President Donald Trump. Later this month, she is scheduled to be a featured speaker at the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Hyderabad, which will also be attended by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.Officials say the drive against begging was launched because two upcoming international events are taking place in the city — the entrepreneurship summit and the World Telugu Conference in December.Begging is a criminal offence in India and can be punished by as much as 10 years in prison, although the law is rarely enforced.“We will complete the clearing of beggars from the city roads by the end of the month,” said V.K. Singh, a top police officer.The beggars have been rounded up from traffic junctions, bus stations and railway stations and transported by van to the shelters, where they often find themselves separated from their family members.They are being offered clean clothes, a shower and a bed. But they’re also being fingerprinted before they’re allowed to leave and told they could face jail time if they are found begging again.More than 20 per cent of India’s 1.3 billion people live on less than 2 dollars a day. For many, begging is survival.Beggars tend to crowd around cars at traffic signals, knocking on windows and asking for food and money. They include children as young as 5, who weave through dangerous traffic and often perform small acrobatic acts.A rights group that runs the two Hyderabad homeless shelters on the grounds of the Chanchalguda and Charalapally jails where the beggars are being taken estimates the city has 13,000 beggars.About half of them are begging because they are living in poverty while the other half want money for alcohol and drugs, said Gattu Giri, an official with the Amma Nanna Ananda Ashram organization.The entrepreneurship summit is an annual event that this year will focus on supporting female entrepreneurs. Running from Nov. 28-30, the summit is being jointly hosted by the U.S. and India.Singh said that next month, after Ivanka Trump has left, police will start offering cash rewards to people who inform them of a beggar’s location. Police have set up a control room to receive the information.This isn’t the first time the poor and homeless have been pushed out of sight as India hosts international visitors. Ahead of the 2010 Commonwealth Games in New Delhi, slums were demolished and thousands of beggars pushed to the edge of the city.